Monday, March 31, 2008

Inventor Patents Alternative to The Soft Walls Project

Author: Ron Scott

Larry Koncelik, a NY attorney, has patented a remotely controlled, pilot override device he believes will greatly expedite the government's ability to address public concerns about the prevention of another terrorist attack like the one New York City experienced on September 11, 2001.

According to Lawrence Koncelik, the inventor, public safety is currently being compromised because the search for a solution has become little more than an academic exercise. ""Far too much time is being devoted to the creation of three dimensional, soft wall corridors when a far simpler solution is available,"" he says.

For the uninformed, the federally funded Soft Walls Project has been a central focus of discussion since early 2002. In its simplest form, a ""soft wall"" is a term used to describe a buffer separating flight corridors and no fly zones. Autopilot systems would be programmed to prevent a pilot from flying into restricted airspace.

Koncelik likens the current preoccupation with The Soft Walls Project to that which prevailed when the nation was pursuing the Star Wars Missile Defense initiative. ""We didn't need to spend hundreds of millions of dollars pursuing Star Wars. No intercontinental ballistic missile can be launched without our knowing within a matter of a minutes that it is airborne and we could have very easily stationed aircraft, specifically U2s and SR71s, equipped with missiles to shoot them down before they reach their targets,"" he says.

"The problem with the 'soft walls' concept, according to Koncelik, is that it does not protect all US airspace. Instead, it focuses on protecting 'high value, static targets'. As a consequence, the vast majority of the nation's population as well as on and off shore assets will remain at risk."

Koncelik insists that there is also a far simpler solution to the threat terrorism poses. Using GPS technologies, his patent provides for a pilot override that could easily interfaced with existing pilot control boxes that when activated allows tracking aircraft and/or ground controllers to assume control of the aircraft. ""Remotely piloted vehicles have been around for years,"" Koncelik says, ""so it isn't like my patent requires a great deal of endless research. All we need to do is integrate existing technologies with the pilot override system I've patented.""

Koncelik's patent is one of five he currently holds. It can be viewed on the United States Patent and Trademark Office's web site ( Just type his first and last name into the "Term 1"" and "Term 2"" fields and click on "Search". To learn more about The Soft Walls Project visit .

About the author: The author, Ron Scott, is a seasoned internet publicist who provides affordable public relations services to local, regional, national and international businesses.

Sunday, March 30, 2008

Drought Defined

Author: Chris Orr

Drought is usually talked about as single event. In reality, there are two types of drought: agricultural and hydrologic. Drought is further defined by its duration.

The earth's water or hydrologic cycle is a closed system, meaning the water is never lost. The rainfall we lack is a surplus somewhere else on the planet, either above ground, below ground or in the atmosphere. Rather than a spontaneous change in the weather, drought is the cumulative affect of moisture deficit. The cumulative affect also works to relieve drought.

Last year's rainfall was close to normal across the West River plains - certainly better than the year before - and that is starting a positive accumulation of moisture. There is at least hope that the drought will be overcome by additional moisture this year.

The Black Hills, however, remained very dry last year and suffered a net loss of moisture. This winter's snow-pack was minimal and they are starting the wet season with a cumulative loss of moisture. That is not a good position to be in.

Agricultural drought is the most familiar type of drought and it can vary in duration from a few weeks to a few years. Plants do not have enough moisture when this type of drought occurs. Agricultural drought can be remedied when there is enough rainfall to bring moisture several feet into the soil.

Hydrologic drought has a more significant impact on society because it affects reservoir levels as well as the amount of water in underground storage or aquifers. Hydrologic drought occurs during long dry spells and it takes a much longer time to recover. Rainfall and snowmelt must drain into reservoirs and seep deep down into the earth to reach aquifers.

It is very important to understand the context when you talk about drought.

Agricultural drought is more common and its visual affects are clearer than hydrologic drought. It is easier to see parched soil, dry stock dams and withered plants than peer down into limestone aquifers. We identify with agricultural drought because it dries up our lawns and forces livestock producers to buy hay because pasture grass will not grow. We become aware of hydrologic drought when wells cannot keep up with demand and springs dry up.

I still think that the West River plains will see significant improvement this year. The higher elevations of the Black Hills, eastern Wyoming and eastern Montana are a different story because they still very dry.

The dry condition of the Black Hills is even more troublesome because a lot of the rain and snow received at the high elevations is used to recharges aquifers. Therefore, the drought in the Black Hills has a far-reaching impact.

I am devoting the month of April to exploring the impact of drought on you and me. I will dispel myths about how long it takes to recover from drought and suggest ways you can help minimize the impact of drought. I will also take the bull by the horns and answer that burning question: Is there ever enough rain?

About the author: Chris Orr is a Certified Consulting Meteorologist with more than 25 years of experience. His private practice includes work as an expert witness, weather forecasting and forecaster training. His column appears in the Rapid City Journal every Sunday. He can be contacted at or through his Web site .

Saturday, March 29, 2008

Cold Fusion

Author: Robert Bruce Baird

And as I was typing this, I stopped for a while to watch the news and saw that what I wrote just a while ago in terms of human evolution has already become the likely scenario according to the media because of a new skull found in Kenya. A 3.5 million year old with smaller teeth than an australopithecine! Clearly evolution has much more ancient roots and they said we might well not be connected to australopithecines. Is this common sense or a synchronicity or something more? It happens all the time as I have been doing this research in depth, and writing during the past two years. Austin Osman Spare would say I am in the appropriate state of Zos and others would claim Ain Soph is the operating principle of the Qabala while I accept the World Mind and myself as a flux for it. Maybe Robert Park of Voodoo Science could debunk me just as he has done to J. B. Rhine but what would he say about the 'vacuum' that science now knows and that fits the ESP paradigm so thoroughly? How can anyone doubt perpetual motion when creative and FREE energy is everywhere? Yes, anyone can have an opinion - BUT is it informed?

COLD FUSION OR FISSION: - One of the other often debunked possibilities that people like Robert Park who work for the government engage in; or is it just another fantasy? Can someone really be so in tune as to use the forces of atomic power with purpose? When the University people in Utah announced they had achieved cold fusion about a decade ago I immediately thought of the international association of alchemists and Frater Albertus Magnus in that city that houses the Mormons (interestingly) and where an employee (Rosicrucian) of mine was able to get an appointment with Ezra Taft Benson on her first day in town.

As the year went by, it appeared this was another scientifically unreplicated misconception. As another couple of years passed, only the Japanese were pursuing it; and the issue seems to have fallen into the category of a hoax. Well if it is in this instant it won't be for long. The nay-sayers are more wrong than creators or inventors usually. It will be discovered that lattices in noble elements like palladium can release the bonding forces gradually. I think the perfect metal is required for this to work efficiently and I think it means manufacture of those noble elements in space's vacuum will be most efficient. Eugene Mallove was bludgeoned to death by a 'patsy' shortly after arranging a Congressional Hearing on Cold Fusion in 2004.

In many of the experiments that scientists of today go through they don't contemplate the effects of time and allow natural processes to occur in natural ways. When an alchemist seeking to raise his conscious attunement began a process he didn't regard himself as the key agent of intellect in the process. He/She (Cleopatra and Moses' sister were alchemists) was ever observant and always respectful of the effects of cosmic dimensional forces and you can regard them as Tesla did with the phrase 'non-force info packets' or what Deepak calls the cosmic soup. The truth is, there is a consciousness that we can harmonize with. The alchemists who worked for the kings and greedy aristocrats usually failed because they were working with need and greed rather than love and worship or awe. Awe, of, in, and for the omniscient potential of nature.

IT is possible to send atomic energy of the process to other dimensions and release them in controlled avenues to produce amazing results. This will be dealt with in greater detail in the mysteries section but we want to put a little of it here in order to establish the breadth of the chasm between what linear thinking ego and modern science purports to know against what is possible through attunement. We think we have already done this in medicine and other facets of society. We think physics is close to knowing what we are dealing with in the chaos that isn't going to respond in exactly the same 'black and white' manner. The creationist theory is not as dead as theologians have allowed it to become!

The following point is not completely the same one; as Gardner deals with weight and the 'highward' state that allows levitation. I am not convinced of this level of levitational potential that he would say allowed the fit of the Great Pyramid. It is better than all other explanations except for Dunn's combined with the poured in place concrete explanation though.

""In simplistic terms, the white powder is created by striking the metal sample, under strictly controlled conditions for a pre-calculated time, with a designated high-heat {Sometimes every operation would be repeated for five years, if the person lived. There is a mercurous oxide risk.}--perhaps from a DC arc: a single directional current from two electrodes {They had the ability to produce DC a very long time ago as we will see in many other places.}. But the truly unusual thing about the powder is that, through continuous sequences of heating and cooling {While becoming 'friends' or attuning oneself to 'what is'?}, its weight will rise and fall to hundreds of percent above its optimum weight, down to less than absolutely nothing. Moreover, its optimum weight is actually 56 per cent of the metal weight from which it was transformed. So, where does the other 44 per cent go? It becomes nothing but pure light, and translates into a dimension beyond the physical plane. This conforms precisely with the formerly mentioned Alexandrian text which states that, when placed in the scales, the Paradise Stone can outweigh any of its quantity of gold, but when it is converted to dust (powder), even a feather will tip the scales against it."" (7)

About the author: Author of Diverse Druids Activist against Synarchy

Friday, March 28, 2008

I Believe

Author: The Voice

While I was sitting here at my computer, I thought to myself why is it I am interested in UFOS? The reason is simple. When you see a UFO for yourself you undergo a change. I consider myself to be intelligent. I understand what is possible and what is not. I have a firm grasp of technology and have a better than average understanding of space and astronomy. I KNOW what is possible and what isn't within current technological boundaries.

Many people out there are just like me. A day may come when you see that unexplainable object in the sky, on the ground or even in the oceans and you will have no alternative as a logical and coherent person to question the boundaries of what is possible. Logic dictates that if the objects exist, they must be controlled. The question is by ""who""? Is the government the cuprit? I would say ""YES"", but only to the extent that they use what they learn from alien's to advance human technology. They use this technology to bring us to parity with external alien forces, and for what purpose that remains unanswered.

Does this mean that I believe in extraterrestrials? I cannot as a intelligent person deny this possibility. To think that we are the only intelligent life in the universe flies in the face of current knowledge.

Every day we learn of new planets surrounding other stars and we already know that the Universe contains over a 100 billion galaxies. With over a 100 billion galaxies and an infinite number of stars and planets in each galaxy, it is highly improbable or impossible to believe that we are the only ones in the Universe. Life in it's diverse array on Earth should be an indication that whenever possible, life will get a foothold and from there it becomes very hard to snuff it out.

I believe the Universe is brimming over in life and it also contains lifeforms that are advanced technologically to reach other stars.

Now...logic begs the question, why deny the presence of Extraterestrials? Is it because our culture is not ready to hear the truth? Is it because of what the implications of what it could mean to organized religions? Is it because the aliens are malevolent and mean us harm? Does our government and others work collectively togther to hide the real truth as to protect the population of the Earth? Only a small group of people know the real answer to this question, but logic dictates that they definately know the truth and they will go to all lengths to protect that secret. If you were a government that was interested in protecting yourself, you would do the logical thing and use the technology that you glean from aliens to bridge that gap.

I believe that is what we see today. I could go on about what I think is happening but that is for another day. I always think back to that day 20 years ago when I was looking into the sky during a full moon to see that circular object that was creeping across the sky fully basked in that ambient light. No object travels that slow and any object that is real WILL blot out the light of star behind it. This one did. Yes.... I believe in UFOS and you will too when that fateful day comes knocking on your intellectual beliefs.

About the author: The Voice is the anonymous moderator for the UFO Blog ""UFO Secrecy"". UFO Secrecy covers all aspects of the UFO Phenomena We welcome others to visit our blog and share in their sightings and experiences. The website address is Our main website is You are welcome to visit and bookmark us.

Thursday, March 27, 2008

Devemos definitivamente conquistar a Lua?

Author: Ruben Zevallos Jr.

O Presidente Americano George W. Bush, numa tentativa de salvar a sua reeleição, principalmente depois da péssima campanha da 2a guerra do golfo. O Sadam até que era um cara muito malvado, mas a ""Coalizão"" usou e abusou do poder, mas tudo isso é passado... Apesar do pau estar ainda quebrando com atentados e muitas mortes.

Voltando a Lua... O Menino agora está visando coisas mais elevadas e a pergunta sobre devemos ou não investir... Depois do término das missões Apolo, ninguém mais foi para a Lua. O filme 2001 mostrou um futuro tecnológico possível, se os investimentos continuassem... Mas o público americano e principalmente o mundial ficaram entediados com tais viagens, imagine, ficar entediado com a ida e volta para a LUA? NUNCAAAA! Principalmente que as caras viajavam em uma espaçonave que mais pareceria uma lata de sardinhas, isso que era aventura...

Bom... Eu penso que se deve investir SIM. O mundo de hoje foi MUITO beneficiado com dois momentos do século XX, que foram:

As guerras mundiais, principalmente a segunda guerra, onde se desenvolveram os computadores, foguetes, energia nuclear e com isso, o início da guerra fria. Com essa guerra fria, ambas as nações (EUA e URSS), investiram MUITO em melhorar seus arsenais, bem como as tecnologias de segurança e espionagem... Muito disso veio para o mercado na forma de tecnologias interessantes.

A corrida espacial, usou tudo de bom que havia sido criado na guerra fria. Usaram os computadores, materiais leves, novas tecnologias para geração de energia, processos de filtragem de água, ar e processamento de detritos. Estudou-se mais do que nunca a psique humana, o corpo, alimentos e com isso tudo foram criadas um monte de materiais e técnicas que hoje estamos usando no nosso dia a dia. Alimentos desidratados, dietas especiais, equipamentos de exercícios etc... Tudo criado pela corrida espacial. Tantas tecnologias foram criadas e hoje usamos, que esse blog não teria espaço... Tudo de forma direta e indireta, já que os EUA investiram bilhões de dólares... Foi quase uma década de investimentos pesados, onde os cientistas viajaram nas idéias e conseguiram colocar o homem na lua e o melhor, voltar.

Tudo pelo bem da humanidade Esse pensamento que deve ser o lema... A humanidade tem de tudo para se beneficiar com todas as tecnologias que poderão sair com ambos os projetos, seja o de colonizar a Lua, como da estação espacial.

Quando o programa espacial iniciou, cada envio de um módulo lunar gastava quase 1 bilhão de dólares para ir e voltar da lua, tudo porque somente o módulo poderia ser reutilizado. Hoje tem o Shuttle, que todo o equipamental é reutilizado, mas ainda precisa de um BIG lançador, que também custa caro. Eles tiveram diversas idéias onde não será necessário um lançador tão caro, ou ainda será somente um avião especial que entrará em órbita e de lá, receberá combustível para seguir até a lua e voltar.

Penso que o investimento direto terá o impacto na indústria de novos materiais, sejam para uso em vestimentas, estruturas e equipamentos de construção e manutenção de equipamentos.

E os paises pobres? Os famintos do mundo? Sempre que se fala em investimentos dessa monta, sempre se vem à tona esse tipo de questionamento... Cada país tem a sua estrutura, sua corrupção, seus problemas. O mundo parece que vive ainda sob jugo dos senhores de engenho. Dizem que os problemas do Brasil e outros paises são conseqüência dos colonizadores. Que nada, o Brasil é que administra errado seus recursos e nós Brasileiros é que somos os culpados, porque também não exigimos, só ficamos reclamando e olhando.

Não acredito que devemos ficar pensando nisso, principalmente, porque existem programas que cuidam disso, os EUA estão querendo crescer e todos poderemos nos beneficiar com isso. Todos os estudos e pesquisas da NASA e outras agências espaciais, somente conseguiram reduzir o custo do lançamento de satélites e missões não tripuladas, como também conseguiu aumentar a quantidade delas.

Existem muitas áreas que seriam beneficiadas com fábricas em gravidade baixa ou zero, como a de crescimento de cristais e a possibilidade de criação de seqüências moleculares de carbono, onde seria possível criar matérias resistentes como o diamante, leves como espuma de sabão.

Penso que O maior benefício, será o da unificação A unificação das nações no mundo atual criando uma só nação chamada Terra... Ou que tenha outro nome. Uma exploração espacial, somente criará uma maior aproximação das nações, proporcionará utilização comum de estações espaciais, equipamentos e principalmente a troca de idéias e tecnologias, com isso, imagino que poderemos ter antes do final deste século a unificação e não a 3a guerra mundial ou até aniquilação da raça humana, como muitos ainda pensam que vai acontecer.

Devemos SIM Pois é... E tudo isso começou com a pergunta se os EUA ou o mundo deve planejar viagens tripuladas para a Lua. A minha resposta é um sonoro SIM! Principalmente o Brasil que tem muita gente boa, empresas e até tecnologias que poderão ser contratadas pela NASA e outras agências espaciais.

O Brasil tem até um aspirante à astronauta, que é o Marcos Pontes, viste o site dele, que fica no, vale a pena conhecer o site e saber um pouco mais desse Brasileiro que está na NASA.

Precisamos ficar atentos com as oportunidades, já que nós Brasileiros ficamos sempre esperando o bicho da oportunidade passar, para depois sair correndo... Não podemos viver assim... Precisamos ficar esperando ele antes de passar, dar uma rasteira e agarrá-lo bem forte para não soltar.

About the author: Analista de Sistemas, especialista de projetos para Internet desde 1993, projetista e mantenedor de diversos sites no Brasil, como os sites da FAMEM e Porto do Itaqui

Wednesday, March 26, 2008

Hominid Inter-breeding

Author: Robert Bruce Baird

'Kenyanthropus platyops': - Perhaps the 6,000,000 year old men found by a maverick who went behind the authorities back at the Olduvai Gorge will be proven to actually not be outside the australopithecine lineage. But the Leakey family has found a 3.5 million year old human that definitely is, and it was announced after I had written the things related hereto earlier in this effort. I love how these synchronicities occur and how much there is for us to know about ourselves. ""The 'Gang' Hits Again Those famed Leakey fossil hunters add a new limb to our family tree - by Simon Robinson, Nairobi.

Like other members of the famous 'hominid gang', the sharp-eyed fossil hunters employed by paleontology's Leakey family, Justus Erus spends three months a year scouring the dry, bone-rich riverbeds around Lake Turkana, in northern Kenya. It is a scrubby, desolate landscape, where the people are desparately poor and gun-toting young men are a menacing presence. But it is hallowed ground to scientists because of the clues it offers to early human history. Still, even after five years, Erus, a 30-year-old Turkana tribesman, had scored nary a hit-just bits of animal bones and teeth.

Then one scorching morning during the final week of the gang's explorations in August 1999, at a site called Lomekwi, Erus noticed a white object, just a cm or two across, sticking out of a patch of brown mudstone. 'I thought maybe it was (the bones of) a monkey,' he says. Beckoning the expedition's co-leader, Meave Leakey, wife and daughter-in-law, respectively, of Richard and Louis Leakey and renowned in her own right, he asked her opinion. By nightfall they realized that they had uncovered the partial remains of a humanlike skull.

The fossil turned out to be a totally new prehuman species and last week reignited one of paleontology's greatest debates: Did we evolve in direct steps from a common apelike ancestor between 6 million and 4 million years ago? Or did the human family tree sprout branches, some of which petered out? {No integration of Mungo Man, the 6,000,000 year old find, the Black Skull or many other possibilities!}

In the past 20 years the Leakeys and others have dug up overwhelming evidence showing that between 2.5 million and 1 million years ago, the then lush woodlands and savannas of eastern Africa-where our family tree first took root-were the habitat of rival species, most of which were evolutionary dead ends. But what about before that? Paleontologists have generally agreed that there was just one hominid line, beginning with a small, upright-walking species known as 'Australopithecus afarensis', most famously represented by 'Lucy'., a remarkably complete (about 40%) skeleton found in Ethiopia in 1974.

Now {Ha!} that view is being challenged. The new skull, described by Leakey and six colleagues, including her and Richard's daughter Louise, 29, in 'Nature' last week, pushes the presence of co-existing species back another million years, to between 3.5 million and 3.2 million years ago. That's right in Lucy's time. Yet it is so different from Lucy that they assign their fossil, which they call 'Kenyanthropus platyops', or 'flat- faced man of Kenya', to a new genus, or grouping of species. 'This means we will have to rethink the early past of hominid evolution,' says Meave Leakey, head of paleontology at the National Museum of Kenya. {Who didn't want the Dalhousie professor digging up the 6,000,000 year old bones on the Yale site, that he says aren't australopithecine, to upstage them.} 'It's clear the picture isn't as simple as we thought.' Even Lucy's discoverer Donald Johanson, director of the Institute of Human Origins at Arizona State University, concurs. 'This is a reminder that there are probably a lot more species out there,' he says.

K. 'platyops' not only had a much flatter face than Lucy, she also had smaller teeth. From the teeth, the scientists conclude that it probably ate fruits, berries and small insects while A. 'afarensis' consumed tougher vegetation like roots and grasses. {The skull appears to have teeth as we do. This description of things bears little fruit of the nature of our ancestors or how they felt, thought and developed the things that really count. It would fit very nicely with the 'cave man' fiction and our 'gradually evolved' species though. Thus you can rest secure in the knowledge that YOU and especially the European (you) are the highest form of life ever found on the face of this planet.} 'They were unlikely to compete,' says team member Fred Spoor of University College London. 'Two species don't usually occupy the same ecological niche.'

Old flat-face could displace A. 'afarensis' as a direct link in the human lineage. Or it may be a part of a branch leading to 'Homo rudolfensis', a species with a strikingly similar face that lived in East Africa between 2.4 and 1.8 million years ago. 'You find something beautiful and new, but the conclusion is you actually know less,' says Spoor. 'But we are getting there.' - with reporting by Andrea Dorfman/New York." (1)

When all things are considered they are being disingenuous. Spoor or the others do know that the afarensis lineage is not related to us. As to the existence of super robustus australopithecines in the time, they don't mention that because the probability of 'occupying the same ecological niche' increases the likelihood that humans and hominids banded together and formed protection groups against these larger foe with ability like their own. That is a possibility I think leads to social and cultural development that would push the meaningful aspects of human life back a great deal further. The spiritual and communicational possibilities of commerce and ritual as well as dance and herbalism, expand as people form larger units. It is likely that sexual relations between different hominids occurred and made mutational potentials to generate genetic streams of over a hundred different types in Africa. To focus on Africa forgets Siberia (Diring entry) and Mungo Man. It loses sight of Gondwana where the genetic material that became all these hominids formed before the split to South America, Australia etc. This leads to many different places on earth developing hominids. Yes, there is much to learn; but if we don't consider all the facts we will keep our heads in a very dark place that doctors might have to use surgical tools like obsidian (as fine as any today) to remove. They have recently found an ape which the researchers think is a cross between a gorilla and a chimpanzee. It is still living in some numbers and I look forward to geneticists telling us what cannot be done while their colleagues say otherwise – some more. And those geneticists did so after I wrote much of this book. They found up to 1.8 million years ago that pubic lice which are only on humans diverged in North America.

Maybe these ancients had a technology that I still do not even know about.

"Scientists Find Possible New Human Species May 29, 1997 12:41 PM EDT MADRID (Reuter) - A group of Spanish scientists said Thursday they had discovered a new species of human beings in a 780,000-year-old fossil, possibly the oldest known European.

'We believe this is a new species that we have called Homo antecessor,' Jose Maria Bermudez de Castro of the Natural Museum of Natural Sciences in Madrid told a news conference.

'It's a species that we consider the common ancestor of modern humanity and the neandertals.'

Bermudez de Castro and a team of Spanish paleoanthropologists found the fossilised remains of a boy with a remarkably modern face in a cave in Spain's central Atapuerca mountains during an excavation from 1994 to 1996.

They said the unique combination of features, with a face like the modern Homo sapiens species and a jaw and brow similar to the extinct Neandertals, led them to name a new species, a finding to be published in the U.S. journal Science Friday.

The boy was discovered among a group of six people of almost modern height and bone size with a relatively advanced cognitive ability, as judged by the quality of tools found near them.

'This is clearly a very important new finding,' Richard Gallagher, European editor of Science, told reporters.

'These are bold, exciting proposals that already have the field buzzing.'

The Spanish team acknowledged that the decision to name a new species based on the reconstructed remains of just one boy -- the faces of the adults in the cave were not as markedly modern -- was controversial.

'We think we have enough information to define it in the proper sense of a new species,' said Antonio Rosas, a paleoanthropologist at the National Museum of Natural Sciences.

'But people are probably going to need some time to accommodate this proposal.' © Reuters Ltd. All rights reserved."

About the author: Author of Diverse Druids Guest 'expert' for Columnist at The ES Press Magazine

Tuesday, March 25, 2008

About Asbestos

Author: Michael Russell

Everyone that has ever heard of asbestos knows that it is extremely dangerous. Nevertheless, not everyone is familiar with what this toxin is and what kind of precise dangers it poses to those individuals that are exposed. Let's take a look at some of the dangers associated with this hazard below.

Asbestos is actually a mixture of six natural minerals and it can be found in older buildings, older textiles and older plastic products. It is much like fiberglass in consistency and when it is airborne it is extremely dangerous and toxic to humans and animals alike. Asbestos, when airborne can lead to a disease termed, asbestosis - a form of lung cancer. In essence, long term exposure results in the damage of lung tissues which are irreversibly scarred and permanently damaged.

Anyone who has endured long term exposure may begin exhibiting the signs and symptoms frequently associated with asbestosis: severe difficulty breathing, spasmodic coughing fits, and in worse case scenarios, exposure can lead to death. Likewise, gastrointestinal cancer, cancer of the esophagus, mesothelioma, cancer of the intestines, is also a risk for those that are exposed. In addition, exposure to asbestos has also been known to wreak havoc with the human immune system, weakening it to a state where it does not function properly. Clearly, exposure to this natural hazard is extremely dangerous. Yet, what can people do to protect themselves from exposure? No matter where one discovers a source of these minerals, whether they are from old building materials like special cement or other products, it is imperative that they act quickly to have them immediately removed.

There are a number of companies that focus on the removal of this toxic hazard. Testing can be conducted to detect the hazardous material and if the test proves positive it is imperative that the property owner takes measures to ensure its immediate and safe removal.

No one should ever attempt to remove hazardous, toxic material themselves: especially in terms of asbestos. The removal of this particular toxin requires trained professionals who are skilled at handling such poisons. First, the material will need to be wetted to keep the it from becoming airborne and threatening those in the surrounding area. Next, the toxic waste will need to be professionally contained and sealed and removed from the location. Workers will be required to wear special equipment to protect themselves, like respirators, coveralls, rubber boots, eye protection and rubber gloves to prevent the toxins from entering the body.

Further, warning signs will need to be posted during the process of removal. Air conditioning and heating systems cannot be used during the process of removal because doing so would promote the toxin's airborne travel. Likewise, any area being worked will have to be sealed off until the removal process is complete. Finally, all removal work will have to be followed up with a decontamination process. Clearly, the removal of this dangerous toxin is something that is better left to the professionals that are used to handling it.

About the author: Michael Russell

Your Independent guide to Asbestos

Monday, March 24, 2008


Author: Robert Bruce Baird

ZOMBIES: - The Caribbean is the site of another thing which some would call a mystery. Until a few years ago I would have been inclined to put it in the paranormal control of soul category and I still believe that is part of it. However, we have scientifically identified the use of sea urchin extract as the agent which allows apparent death and subsequent use of a body by means as yet mysterious to scientists who negate the possibility of ESP type brain connection or possessions. Some would say that hypnosis might have something to do with it, but the witnesses and researchers think that is not the case; which does not mean it isn't involved because there are similarities between possession and hypnosis. They act on different bodies however. The connection between the mind or brain and the physical body is part of the act of soul related possession. There are body related possessions as well. Clearly the stupor state caused by the drug does affect both bodies and it may impact the spirit as well. As we proceed some of the issues will be dealt with but I cannot give a full explanation of what is involved, other than ritual magic and drug use. Having had possessions and ritual magic practiced upon me, I can honestly say I am certain it is able to affect such things on people who are suggestible and thus a person in a stupor has few (if any) defenses. Having experience with exorcisms I am sure little could be done to counteract the possession of the body by the drug and the magician would simply re-possess the body once it had been psychically cleansed. A Total de-tox and subsequent therapy including building the 'protection' of soul in the victim is required.

About the author: Author of many books Columnist for The ES Press Magazine Guest 'expert' at

Sunday, March 23, 2008

I Challenge the 'experts'

Author: Robert Bruce Baird


What the nature of 'mystery schools' was before Tuthmosis re-organized them (25) is hard to say. The claims of people within the Masons are challenged by many scholars. In reading the work of Conor MacDari, who seems to be a truth-teller from a group within Masonry that deplores many of the undisciplined practices, I tend to think they do have a good claim to having been the builders of the Pyramid who originated the Hebrew ethnic group. His work in 'Irish Wisdom' has been a source of intense study and verification for me during the last eleven years and he seems to place the designer(s) of the Pyramid group above or outside his own cadre.

The 'white' refers to a powder used to levitate the Pyramid rock; according to Gardner and many others within the mystic community this is the only explanation for the 'fit' of the Pyramid rock. The interior dimensions of the resting place assumed to have been a sarcophagus (I am not sure there ever was a lid and I think it was a focusing chamber within the king's chamber to position the individual at the optimum 'power spot'. Don Juan goes into great length emphasizing this aspect of the earth energy grid and Cayce does as well. Cayce was a 33rd degree Mason and his father was a Mason as well.} by Egyptologists (26) have 1/200th inch tolerances. We find it hard to believe even Christopher Dunn can explain this by machining and drills. Geopolymerization (rock-making) was covered in Science from the modern day patent holder Dr Davidovits, of this eminently do-able method. Serious scholars of fair intent have difficulty settling the debates over how the Pyramid was built. No credible answer is exclusively reached and it is our opinion a variety of methods were used in different situations. For example it would be difficult to justify building molds for obelisks of specific one time dimension or corniche stones of unique application. The machining approach would be used to finish rock poured in place. In the time before I read Davidovits and Morris's book, I thought the levitation approach was the only answer that make sense of the large rocks at Ba'albek and the 600 Ton cornerstone of Solomon's Temple. And that did not turn me on.

After intensive discussion with Marjorie Morris, including chemical analysis and weighing done by Kansas State University (not included in their book) I was convinced 'rock-making' was a major part of the process and that made me feel a lot better about the 'slave' issue. It didn't seem likely given the opportunities to be a mercenary and the lack of rational reasons to suggest 40 years would be enough to build this pristinely precise monument - as Egyptology suggests. The recent attempts to duplicate the feat are woefully inadequate and actually include fraud and misrepresentations. The recent ARCHAEOLOGY magazine issue that intimates they were just imitations of natural landforms is patently ridiculous. Whether the 'white powder' was usable in building these structures I can't say. Gardner's descriptions of the way it works include a fluctuating weightlessness that would still make the 'fit' difficult. The quarried rock would still be even more difficult to machine to actual tolerances that sometimes mirror the Tiahuanaco exactitude where angled {N.B.} rocks are almost earthquake proof! How can one quarry rocks with numerous angles and not break them?

This problem so threatens modern academics whose whole history is founded on the ignorance of 'Stone Age' or Neolithic people that an editor who was working with me quit and called me an 'occultist'. So, the battle against heretics like me and other seekers of wisdom does wage on, with the tenured and other spokespeople drawing massive wages at taxpayer expense. Here are his words regarding the Pyramid.

""It's generally known that the Pyramid and Giza was a colossal albeit prosaic engineering feat carried out mostly by slaves.""

I will show him due deference and not cite his name, but he possesses many doctorates and was a professor with 14 years of post-secondary education. He deserves the opportunity and the freedom to express himself but I suggest we don't need such 'expertise' in our schools unless they volunteer their time in an open forum. It is certain he has done little research and is simply engaging in the conventional 'me-too' arrogance that resolutely and militantly (if not with vile purpose) repeats such utter hogwash! It is not just 'occultists' who write whole books on the subject of the Pyramid from different disciplinary backgrounds including mathematics and most physical sciences. 'Occult' is only 'hidden' because of inquisitorial exercise of academic proscription. I know few universities would allow me to speak in a free or open forum to debate such 'experts'!

Giving Gardner his due, I would say he has done some excellent scholarship, albeit Bible Narrative in style if not intent. My belief is that closure can not be reached by any true seeker and I am open to ecumenical approaches that neither my editor nor Gardner ('Genesis of the Grail Kings') exhibit. So, if that makes me an 'occultist' like alchemists who the Great White Brotherhood claim to be (at least derived from the same shamanistic roots) then so be it. Of course, my credentials are not recognized and therefore I am 'persona non grata' or what Jesus and any other occultist who dared to tell the truth (like Socrates) risked in ancient times, is likely my crucifying judgment. Yes, Jesus was a seeker who studied the Tree of Life and other Qabalistic (changed to Kaballah in Spain much later by the Sephardic and/or Hassidic Jews) 'Sources'. That makes Gardner closer to the truth of Jesus and his 'Therapeutae' that came from or with the re-organization engineered by Tuthmosis. The 'Star Fire Ceremony' practiced by these 'occultists' and the communion which involved other bloody (literally) devices is definitely beyond the 'norm' and pale of proper behavior as we see it today.

How influential these elitist 'mystery schools' are in our present environment is yet to be seen. Certainly they have been the dominant factor in history for at least 3500 years. We will show Napoleon and Aquinas are joined by the likes of Cecil Rhodes and Winston Churchill on the way to a Skull & Bones Society far more obscene than any you might imagine. When you see pictures of Pharaohs they often have pointed hats to augment the pineal 'Third Eye' aspects and attributes of the human machine. This pyramidal structure focuses forces that the GWB was more aware of than any conventional academic of today who might put a similar hat on a kid they send to a seat in the comer of the classroom (Dunce Cap).

About the author: Author of Diverse Druids Columnist for The ES Press Magazine Guest 'expert' at

Saturday, March 22, 2008

Human Genome and Mayan Calendar

Author: Robert Bruce Baird

HUMAN GENOME PROJECT: - In 1991 Michael Coe wrote Breaking the Mayan Code in which he said knowing how this language was 'both phonetic as well as pictographic was as important as the Human Genome Project and space colonization'. Personally I think it is very important to see the Mayans had a language understandable in many contexts across numerous tribes and people. It IS very important to our proposed Brotherhood of Man. It is not as important as either of the other major advances for the near future of mankind; space colonization will be our saving grace as remnants of humanity even if he would interpret the Mayan prophecy that calls for a new civilization in 2012 as an end to earthian humans. My personal hope is the prophecy relates to a new purpose and focus for humanity. That will require ethical approaches to the Human Genome Project. We do not need to force a small group of humans into some new species even if they think it would be best for themselves or all of us, collectively. Those who will desire the near immortality gene-therapy and the fixing of telomeres it will allow should not be allowed to become Homo Sapiens Immortalis if all people are not allowed access. How can we stop this from happening? What about cloning humans? Then there is Danny Hillis and those who would like to dump their brain into a perfected robot of sentient ability. This is not a science fiction primer but it must seem so at this juncture, or at least it would have to my father's generation.

""The genetic instructions for making a person take up less than 21/2 centimetres of the 1.8-metre-long strand of DNA that's stuffed inside virtually every cell in the body, according to new findings. Most of the rest of the human genome is filled with weird life-like entities that have settled in the genome like squatters, among them microscopic bits of foreign DNA {Gardner says some is Anunnaki or alien DNA, and that blank parts exist for more programming.} that live like parasites on human DNA and even smaller bits that sponge off those parasites. Although scientists have known that such critters existed in the human genome, only now have they been able to see how many there really are, how they are distributed among people's genes, and how these complex communities evolved inside the cells of human ancestors over millions of years…

'We've called the human genome the book of life, but it's really three books,' said Francis Collins, director of the National Human Genome Research Institute in Bethesda, Md., and a chief of the human genome project. 'It's a history book. It's a shop manual and a parts list. And' it's a textbook of medicine more profoundly detailed than ever.'...

The researchers also found that sperm carry twice as many mutations as eggs, suggesting that men are the major source of genetic errors and evolutionary innovation.

By comparing the human genome to the genome of simpler organisms like the fly and the worm, scientists are also seeing with unprecedented detail how just a handful of genetic innovations helped launch early vertebrates ahead of the biological pack hundreds of millions of years ago.

For all the evolutionary creativity that led to the human race, genome scientists said, there is shockingly little variation from person to person. Around the globe, they are all about 99.9 per cent genetically identical." (10)

Do you think there is more we will learn about how white men came to be, or how many hominids there have been as modern as us? There appears to be a great deal of information available in our genes. Could they be a computer access code that the soul commands? I think the akashic and cosmic energy is consciously swimming around and inside all life. The NASA scientists say life is everywhere and I say love is there too. If only we allow ourselves to feel and sense its' all encompassing warmth that permeates every void and fills every rock. The shamans made their drugs by attunement and receiving direction from the plants and rocks. Jung's archetypes are very much connected to the genes which carry our past. Perhaps Jesus and his 'living father within' are closely connected to enable us through our genes. The mystics say the genes receive instruction from the soul and spirit. Our archetypes or the lattices of 'one-dimensional harmonic force' with all 11 M-branes in each and every atom, coordinate in our solar bodies as well as our dross physical bodies. It is ludicrous to think we know all about consciousness or the soul, and most people live in ignorance or deny its' essence.

The trips we can take as we allow our soul to infuse our solar body and consciously travel are awesome. They are no more hallucinatory than the grimace on the face of the professor who denies these ideas. The poets and minstrels of yore were able to carry our imaginations to the nether regions as we began to dance in harmony with nature. The forces of nature have coherence and meridians or lattices and vectors that allow the functioning of all that is so magnificent. We have tried to place ourselves above nature and we will (hopefully) never achieve that all too egotistical pursuit. These forces are there to welcome us as we stand on the cliff contemplating a dive. Viktor Hugo wrote a wonderful appreciation of Shakespeare that I love to quote. He likened our observation of Shakespeare to standing on this cliff and looking out to ""Glimpse the waves of the marvellous!"" Each time we return to read his plays we experience greater depths and return to that cliff and take one step further down as we're drawn closer to the all embracing reality of the waves in the cosmic ocean that awaits us in connected beauty upon the end of our journey.

About the author: Author of Diverse Druids Columnist for The ES Press Magazine Guest 'expert' at

Friday, March 21, 2008

The Institute of Noetic Sciences

Author: Robert Bruce Baird

The possibility of sentient beings on earlier solar systems said to be many billions of years older than our own, developing travel and transposition of some teleportational nature seems one of the most stable and down to earth possibilities when we consider these spheres. Other ideas flit through our mind as we imagineer the conscious wisdom of refined metallurgical objects beyond mere silica microchips and revisit what Dr Robins termed the megaliths - macrochips. What is the operating system they are part and parcel of? Is the old Gaian theory of the earth far removed from a universal entity that would have implants in the earth to form greater contact? The manganese nodules occur naturally but what difference does that make when one is thinking about evolving layers of consciously connected matter guided by dimensional force entities of non-corporeal nature? That kind of thought might lead us to worship the Ka'aba with a lot more validity.

The spheres could also be put there to influence stability and join with other earth energy forces to actuate specific occurrences we are only remotely able to understand. It could be from our own future or from an earlier adept civilization whose attunement was collectively superior to what exists today. This kind of thought is more 'far-out' than David M. Jacobs, Ph. D. and the alien abduction agenda contemplated in his books Secret Life and The Threat. His associate professorship in history at Temple University makes one feel good about the possible future of free-thought in America. What sense does it make in one's day to day life to think about such wild imagineering? Well, that IS where the rubber hits the road as they say; and we humbly suggest that even in this life while physically manifest in sensual containers with high level focus on the joy these senses bring - we are part of the evolving purpose and what has been called God's greater purpose. We also suggest the way of knowledge and positive application of the results of thinking does not advantage one if they turn away from the facts. These spheres are facts and they can not have designs (or the vase from 300,000,000 years ago) of this complexity and be so metallurgically advanced if we take only our present concept of nature into account.

Is the flexible metal that can't be cut with welder's torches which is shown by the son of the Roswell whistle-blower drawn from the same manufacture process? A personal friend of mine says he knows a chemist/metallurgical researcher who was sent such material from the States to a place just east of Oshawa/Toronto. They could conceive no earthly explanation for it. Now which of these 'possibilities' do you wish to contemplate? The alien one has abductee experiences and hybrid genetics that include clearly extraterrestrial conclusions. The prior earth civilization with advanced technology and attunements beyond language and its limits, means matter can be sent back through time. When NEC Labs at Princeton observed 300X light speed in Cesium, the argument can still be made that time travel is not possible for complex systems that are living. So what if muons have an ability to communicate or travel in the dimensional or other intricate manners we are close to understanding. Cesium is the most accurate means of tracing time in clocks in a great improvement over quartz which we have seen in the piezo-electric description of Dr Robins. Each different crystalline structure is an expression of the forming building blocks and their consciousnesses. Bucky Fuller and the Fullerenes named after him come rushing to the forefront of my mind.

Nanotubes are part of a creative process that harmonizes to the rhythm of something we may soon know. There are ways to imagine the spheres could have been created by advanced human or other earth sentient beings in conjunction with the spirit and wisdom of the shamanic relationship in vortexes and wisdom thereof. These would require some form of teleportation and the prevalence of spheres in this one area may be in response to a forceful build-up of whatever forms the manganese nodules or because of the same forces or intelligence from other parts of the universe such as whatever causes the meteors to collect in amazing numbers near Mt. Yamato (Or Yamamoto) in Antarctica.

In attempting to come up with a way to express or communicate the places where the mind goes in integrating these truly mysterious things we are asking the reader to endure another German Nazi analogy on the slippery slope of ethics and the relative nature of morality. We all know the Nazis were heavy into esoterics and ancient civilization from the Spielberg trilogy but it was much more than just a hobby or some weird obsession. In fact you could say it was being done by others in secret bases; but we can't be sure of a great deal of these things because of the secrecy surrounding some weapons systems that even long after they are no longer in use aren't talked about. It is almost certain that Hitler and his cronies or handlers like General Hausohofer and Himmler were well aware of the weapons systems described in the Mahábhárata. They seem to have attempted to make most of them become real and their scientists were helpful to the development of these things after the war. Some of the things were already on the drawing boards and tested. Were they also in a position to know about the Foo Fighters?

""On the night of 15 November 1944 the team of Elmore and Mapes again recorded a first - a nightime visual confirmation on a night flying Me163. Lt. Mapes remembers it well:

'We were flying what was known as a ""free-lance"" intruder mission around Bonn, Germany. It was around 2300 hours before we hit our area. The overcast was at 4000 ft. with a beautiful moonlit clear sky above. Suddenly, I picked up a ""bogey"" on my radar that was high above us and travelling at a terrific speed. Just as it was about to pass over us, Elmore put us into a hard 180 degree turn. I could not find it on the radar and looked out above us. The sight was unbelievable! It appeared to be shaped like a wedge of pie with a long plume of flame coming from its rear end.

I kept watching him and calling out where he was over the intercom. He appeared to be in a tight circle directly above us. About the time that Elmore got a visual, the flame died down to a glow and it started to spiral down on us. I could see intermittent bursts of fire from the nose, and knew it was cannon or machine gun fire. I relayed this on and we began taking violent evasive action. Suddenly, this strange aircraft broke off and went into a vertical climb, with a long plume of flame shooting out the rear end. After several manoeuvres like this, we both agreed it was the new German Me 163 rocket plane. We never could get in a position to fire on it because of its tight spiralling and rapid climbs. Finally, it left the area and we never saw it again. Although we never fired a shot at it, it was a very memorable mission!'" (18)

John von Neumann may not have known why all his teachers encouraged him to follow so many unconventional paths and Hitler may have a greater enduring part to play in the intergalactic 'seeding' of space and other advanced cloaking and cloning devices than even the Sanskrit texts contemplate. Please check into the von Neumann probes taking genetic material to other galactic planets at our present time. Could the 'spheres' have encoded or time release information? It can seem almost fun and beyond science fiction to go too far down this road. What is too far? We hope you'll decide for yourself and not cater to the conventional or societal norm like the good citizens of Germany did when they heard rumors about the 'fun' going on with Jews in concentration camps.

EDGAR MITCHELL: - The Noetic Sciences people are lucky to have this former astronaut (Astronaut Michael Collins similarly deals in spiritual truth from history) as part of their team of scientists. They have seminars that that cover much of the kind of thing that the future must bring into being our reality. Here is the intro to one of his workshops:

"For almost 400 years, western civilization has been structured around the Cartesian conclusion that body and mind belong to separate realms of existence. But Descartes was wrong; they are but two faces of an intelligent, creative, self-organizing, learning, trial and error, interactive, participatory, evolving universe. This Dyadic model proposes that existence and the ability to know (consciousness) both arise from the same concept – energy – an energy that contains the seeds of knowing. Non-local information about the physical universe provides the missing link between objective science and subjective experience, including the mystical experience. We will explore these concepts with ample time for questions and discussion.

Edgar Mitchell, Apollo 14 Astronaut – sixth man to walk on the moon (1971), Founder, Institute of Noetic Sciences (1973), Author of Psychic Exploration and The Way of The Explorer. A pioneer in efforts to expand science toward understanding consciousness and inner experience. From the vicinity of the Moon, Ed Mitchell viewed planet Earth among the separate galaxies, the stars and planets, and had a transformative experience that changed his life. He left his job as a naval officer and astronaut, founded IONS {The institute of Noetic Sciences from which this excerpt is taken. I highly recommend them and a visit to their web site for starters.} , and began a rigorous exploration of links between inner and outer journeys, between science and spirituality."

He is a honorary member of the Club of Budapest and I will list some of the names including his here at this point, but I want you to ask yourself whether Von Neumann, Wigner, St. Germain and others from that region are somehow esoterically connected. It seems to be a hotbed of interesting things and people going along with Rudolf I's Prague and Vienna. Every one of these people could be highlighted in this book and I would have to say they are all excellent role models. The list comes from .

About the author: Author of many books and an activist for soul rather than the paradigm and greed

Thursday, March 20, 2008

Hobbits and Lice

Author: Robert Bruce Baird


In late 2004 the media was all agog with the small hominids found on Flores Island where I had written about artifacts showing sea travel technology must have existed. I had argued with many people about the issue and their argument had some merit in that we had no proof of a connection to humans or the nearby Mungo Man. However, once we found these creatures which some researchers even think could be part chimpanzee the issue became clearly in my favor. I think the divergence of human lice proven through DNA technology going back 1.18 to 1.8 million years ago is even more telling and I look forward to the further research on pubic lice that might prove hominids cross-breeding. Here is one source for further review.

"It was astonishing and exciting enough to have discovered a new - and wholly unexpected - hominid species last week. The discovery of the partial skeletons of three-foot tall ""hobbits"" on the Indonesian island of Flores would have been front page news however old they were. But what made them really extraordinary was their age. They weren't fossils. These were bones rotted to the consistency of blotting paper, less than 18,000 years old; and there are grounds for hoping that the creatures lived on into historical times. Some might even be alive in sufficiently remote island jungles today. The native legends about ""Ebu Gogo"" suggest that contact between Homo sapiens and Homo floresiensis took place within the last century on Flores.

The idea that our ancestors had contact with other human species is a profound and disturbing one. The whole term ""human species"" begs the question. If they are other species, can they really be what we mean by ""human""? Human is a moral category as much as a biological one. That's why it is such a useful weapon word in the debates about abortion. To call someone or something human is generally meant as praise, and implies that they should be treated as we treat ourselves.

This interpretation of ""humanity"" is not, of course, a necessarily human trait. It's certainly not encoded in our genes. Most cultures, in most of history, have had no trouble in treating other human beings as domesticated animals or very much worse. But we, who speak English, call this process ""dehumanisation"".

The skeletal fragments, and the legends from local people, make this story far more vivid than the other evidence for human encounters with other humanoid species. That shouldn't obscure the fact that this is the second such story this autumn, and the first one is far more chilling.

The evidence there came from lice. As the parents of almost any school age girl will know, human lice are extraordinarily tenacious and well adapted to life on our scalps. They don't survive for more than a few hours away from human flesh.

The war between lice and their hosts has continued for billions of years - there are species of louse adapted to almost every sort of primate and many species of birds. In humans, they infest our head, our clothes, and our bodily hair. Curiously, the body lice are the same species as head lice - although they behave quite differently, living in clothes, and coming in to feed on skin once or twice a day. Head lice live in hair and feed more often.

But it turns out that DNA analysis shows there are two distinct sub-species of head lice in humans. All over the world, except in western North America, they are the same. But there is a population of lice along the Pacific coast of North America which have been evolving separately from the rest of the world for about 1.8m years. The only way to make sense of this is to assume that their separate development took place on Homo erectus, who also split off from our hominid ancestors about that time ago.

So how could these lice have reached their present, wholly human hosts? It seems to me that this could only have happened through some act of primal genocide when Homo erectus met Homo sapiens somewhere in eastern Siberia. Lice can only travel between living bodies, or very freshly dead ones. If the transmission had been from living bodies, we would expect the same pattern in bodily lice. It isn't there. Nor is there any trace of Homo erectus in our DNA. So the lice must have come from very fresh corpses and it is hard to suppose that they had died peacefully just before the intruders turned up.

The story of ""Ebu Gogo"" sounds more improving. According to local villagers, these creatures were around until about a century ago: three feet tall, hairy, and speechless, though they could imitate human speech, like parrots. The villagers tolerated them and even fed them, though they would only eat raw food, until they stole and ate a baby. They drove them from their cave with blazing bales of grass. Shortly thereafter, the villagers themselves moved off and western settlers arrived. The cave where the Ebu Gogo lived has not been found. But if it is - and scientists are looking - it might yield some extraordinary remains.

These wouldn't be technological. Perhaps the saddest aspect of the whole story is the slow loss of technology it implies. Ebu Gogo seems to have been a descendent of Homo erectus, also known as Java man, who reached the island about 840,000 years ago. This was almost certainly something that required boats, which seem a pretty human-level technology." (1)

About the author: Author of Diverse Druids Columnist for The ES Press Magazine Guest 'expert' at

Wednesday, March 19, 2008

The Bermuda Triangle and Antarctica

Author: Robert Bruce Baird

The science of metallurgy is vital to the social structures surrounding all esoteric beliefs. The shamans who gathered meteorite material to fashion tools and weapons as well as for the use of the metals and spirits thereof became great aristocrats, as their family or heritage grew. Genghis Khan (Temujin) is from such a family and most of the early aristocrats were either adept (like the House of David and Solomon) themselves or worked closely with these artisans who we could call alchemists, as Mircae Eliade does in his The Forge and The Crucible . When the Spanish arrived in Mayan lands they asked the Aztecs and others where their knives came from, they also found a meteorite at the venerated apex of the Cholula pyramid. They pointed to the heavens and the Spanish reports call this paganism. When this use of metals began is anyone's guess.

It requires no great debate or references of authorities to know the almost ultimate import of meteors in the ancient past when one considers just these two things. The Ka'aba is a black meteorite in Mecca and there is a ritual among the Islamic faithful who must visit it once in their lifetime. That ritual of approaching this sacred relic from very ancient times (before Islam) is learned by all of Islam. In Mexico there are pyramids with churches on top (now) that used to house meteorites.

""In 1969, a Japanese scientific expedition was trekking near the Yamato Mountains, in the region of the Antarctic {Under international domain.} icecap that lies directly south of Africa. The Japanese found nine dark meteorites lying close together on the surface of the ice.

Given meteorites' scarcity, the expedition leaders assumed that the nine samples they found were fragments of a single large specimen that had broken apart in its fall to the ice. To their amazement, however, they soon discovered that their finds were all of different types and chemical compositions. They were not pieces of one rock. They had not even formed in the same region of the solar system. This was thrilling! The convergence of nine separate thunders tones at that single spot implied that the ice sheet itself was somehow collecting those rarities of nature and sweeping them together.

The Japanese mounted more expeditions to the Yamato ice in 1973, 1974, 1975, and 1979, and they were rewarded with a grand total of 3,000 meteorites. Every year since then, during the brief Antarctic summer, international expeditions have converged on the Japanese rock gardens. Each small meteorite is photographed where it lies and then nudged gingerly into a teflon bag, which is an awkward procedure when performed with thick mittens and in deep subzero cold, with the stone skittering on the ice. Once bagged, each specimen is shipped home and studied in an antiseptic laboratory, using the same sort of apparatus built to study Moon rocks. The sample is never touched by human hands." (1)

They go on to describe the then existing theory of the Big Bang but no mention of how these rocks get there and keep getting there. What might be happening here? Is there a case of affinity at work (my encyclopedia has an in depth description of affinity)? Is there intelligent design or what? The Pasadena lab where a lot of these things are studied is known as the Lunatic Asylum. A member of my sister-in-law's family works for JPL there, and travels all around the world doing things they never get to know about anymore. Is it because she isn't allowed to tell them or is it because the family used to call her ideas and the things we would talk about 'sheer lunacy'? What happened in the 8 billion years or so between the formation of our known universe and the formation of our Milky Way? The numbers are so incredible that the mind can't conceive what is in just the known universe, and there are others we put outside the words 'known universe'. Who is able to do more than worship this phantasm or orgy of 'luna'-cy (luna=moon)?

"'It looks as if Venus may have had oceans hundreds of millions of years ago,"" says planetologist Jim Head. If so, Venus would have been very much more like Earth. Its continents may have enjoyed rivers, streams, puffy white clouds, and pleasant weather… Will the human volcano heat Planet Earth until all the seas go dry and lead melts in the sunlight? Are we already on the downhill path to Venus?" (2)

The reason the rocks are drawn to Mt. Yamato may have something to do with the Earth Energy Grid which has two bands of energy 'blobs' or vortices around the world. Mt. Yamato would be a site where the opposite energy may exist. I will not be able to prove it but I will present some interesting data on the Bermuda Triangle from the early research of Ivan Sanderson.

First of all let me say I think a very large meteor was drawn to the area of the Bermuda Triangle in 8350 BCE or thereabouts. The cobalt and nickel left there from this meteor will throw electrical guidance systems haywire and this has been demonstrated by credible researchers. It is called the Carolina Bays Event and I think it provides a reason why there is a 2200 foot drop to an urban site now being looked into off the coast of Cuba. The plate tectonics of rising mountains in the Andes would be far too early to tie in with this sudden drop of a city or urban center, I think. This excerpt also addresses the region of Japan where recent finds of semi-Pyramidal structures are being researched. That site is Yonaguni and there are others near there.

"The Disposition of Anomalies

We have spent a perhaps inordinate amount of time discussing the things that called attention to these 'Vile Vortices' in order to demonstrate the extent and character of the phenomenon. I think the time has now come for some detailed analysis of and comment upon this business as a whole; and from this we may proceed to some speculation.

The popular idea has been that there is one roughly triangular area with sides running from Bermuda to central Florida and thence to Puerto Rico in which a large number of planes have simply vanished without a trace.

This is a glamorous notion, but on proper analysis, it does not stand up. It is not a triangle, and its periphery is much greater than the one outlined above. In fact, the area in which such disappearances, or alleged disappearances, have been recorded forms a large, sort of lozenge-shaped {These lozenge lattices are found all around many 'keltoi' sites like the Tarim Basin of recent discovery. Mandalas are designed according to energy flow. The energy that taught or that they observed is all important.} area which is neither centered on the Oceanic island of Bermuda not can it in any way be depended from it. We have plotted all the 'disappearances'—and please remember that this is something quite different from mere sinking of ships and submarines, or ditchings of planes—reported from this area and found that it slops way over the original so-called 'triangle.' After this discovery, the question naturally arose as t the uniqueness of this funny blob, which extends from about 30degrees to 40 degrees north latitude, and from about 55 degrees to 85 degrees west. Was it unique?

We knew already that there was at least one other such area alleged to exist. This lies some 250 miles south of the Japanese island of Honshu about longitude 140 degrees east. We therefore started to work, gathering records of ships lost and planes vanishing around this point which, as a matter of fact, had up till then been only mentioned—and rather casually at that. The outcome was not just amazing; it was positively startling. Plane after plane on its way south to Guam appears to have vanished, and this with disturbing frequency. So we started plotting again, and despite the usually very vague locations given—and no wonder, considering that these planes disappeared without radio signals or any trace—another lozenge-shaped blob came to light.

This startled us a bit, but then one of my colleagues had the brilliant idea of getting out a map of the world! Once we had a map before us, we saw that both lozenges lay precisely between 30 degrees and 40 degrees north and also spread about 30 degrees east to west, latitudinally. This really did spark us, so we made a grab for the globe.

Now the surface of our earth as seen on a globe is really very different from what we look at on a two-dimensional map, and especially one on what is called the Mercator projection. Just where did these two blobs lie relative to each other as one went around the globe? It turned out that they were centered 160 degrees apart (going around one way) and 200 degrees (going the other). In other words, there did not appear to be any noticeable pattern. If they had been at 180 degrees going both ways, they would have been exactly opposite each other on opposite sides of the earth. But then something else cropped up.

We had been inundated with letters asking for more information on the disappearances of the Israeli and French submarines at the east and west ends of the Mediterranean, respectively, We were naturally unable to add anything to the news reports and official statements. However, the Mediterranean Sea just happens to form a lozenge-shaped blob, also lying between 30 degrees and 40 degrees north, and just about 30 degrees from left to right, latitudinally.

Naturally, we measured the distance between these three blobs. Then something else rather startling came to light. They were arranged on an apparently strict numerical progression—from the Bermuda bit to the Mediterranean, four; the Mediterranean to the Japanese, five; and the Japanese to the Bermuda, six.

Now, I don't like such neat patterns emerging in anything in nature; it looks far too much as though somebody had got the idea first, and then tried to fit the facts into it. You can fit almost anything into almost anything else if you try hard enough; as any mathematician, statistician, or police officer can tell you. However, Nature is to a great extent fairly orderly and does display rather neat patterns.

So we had three 'blobs' in a line—and the same line, please note—of something. But just what? At this point I started doing some hard thinking. If there are three such areas between 30 degrees and 40 degrees north latitude, could there be equivalents at 30 degrees and 40 degrees south latitude? A subsequent investigation into plane, ship, and sub losses in the southern hemisphere yielded some amazing results.

There turned out to be three exactly similar areas situated below the equator. These lie off the east coasts of South America, South Africa, and Australia. All proved to be precisely within 30 degrees to 40 degrees of latitude south, and also to be about 30 degrees of longitude in width. But very strangely, they were all tilted up to the right or east, as were also those in the northern hemisphere! Frankly, this does not seem to make sense, because our planet is a sphere and the southern hemisphere should mirror the northern. So we started looking for some physical reason for this clear pattern.

The first thing that emerged was that these vortices in the southern hemisphere wee precisely shifted the same number of degrees to the east in all cases. Then one further fact came to light. Of all the possible known physical factors that could cause this pattern—temperature, barometric pressure, and, above all, geomagnetic anomalies—only one fitted, and this was surface ocean currents!

Five of these six areas—the Mediterranean alone being in a different category—lie on the right or east sides of the continents, {Before the African continent collided with the land north of it about 12 million years ago, this would not be the case. But it would not have been on the right of any land then. Remember this is where the Great Pyramid serves some Earth Energy Grid function and somehow is located on the nearest firm foundation to the center of all the land masses on earth.} and all precisely in curious areas where hot surface currents stream out of the tropical latitudes toward the colder waters of the temperate, subpolar and eventually polar areas. What is more, the two principal ones in the northern hemisphere, in accordance with the simple behavior of waters on a spinning globe, turn clockwise, while the three in the southern hemisphere turn counterclockwise. There is nothing odd about this; but there is about the fact that said twirls all make their tightest turns precisely in these five locations…

{He goes on to detail how other occurrences are problematic in these same areas and highlights the fact that disappearances that leave no trace only happen to such a high proportion in these areas. He then got a letter from a woman whose brothers in the Navy and Air Force had told her things that result in ten 'blobs' or lozenges which fit the ancient Pentagon-dodecahedron knowledge which he does not mention and may not have known about. He also makes it clear he sees none of the UFO or ET things to this which Cathie and others do.}

The significance of this may be lost on most of us ordinary and non-mathematically orientated folk, so I asked our chief geometer, who is also a specialist electronics engineer, to tell me how to put it. His reply was very clear and, to me at least, simple; namely, that there would appear to be ten funny places on the surface of our planet which lie opposite each other in a particular manner… demonstrated that all five of them {Skewers placed through the globe at the points of the lozenges.} were battling to pass through the exact center of the earth." (3)

Thus we have the Great Pyramid serving as the keystone to the surface of the earth and these vortices of energy derived out of some deep earth energy which I also relate to the meteorites from space finding a reason to collect in Antarctica or the large one drawn to the Bermuda Triangle. Research on the tensile strength of metals over these 'blots' shows the fields of energy surrounding the earth has a strong impact on everything and that makes one wonder about many things considered foolish about astrology or other psycho-spiritual sciences.


1) Planet Earth, by Jonathan Weiner, Bantam Books/WQED Pittsburgh, NY, 1986, pgs. 167-8.

2) Ibid., pg.174.

3) Invisible Residents, by Ivan T. Sanderson, F. L. S., F. R. G. S., M. A. (Cantab.), The World Publishing Company, New York and Cleveland, 1970, pgs. 137-144.

About the author: Author of Diverse Druids Columnist for The ES Press Magazine Guest 'expert' at

Tuesday, March 18, 2008

Text To Speech - It's Simple

Author: David D. Deprice

Looking for a natural voice speech engine? Curious about what software can read your e-mails. Here is the latest TTS (text-to-speach) news.

AT&T Natural Voices

AT&T Natural Voices are available in 16khz or 8khz Versions. The 16khz versions have a richer, fuller sound and are more natural sounding. The 8khz version is slightly less expensive and takes up less disk space, but generally doesn't sound quite as good. A good analogy might be that 16khz voices sound like voices over FM Radio, while 8khz voices sound much more like voices over the telephone.


Kate and Paul are US English voices, available in 16khz or 8khz versions, supporting SAPI5 Speech applications including all Products, most newer TTS programs from other companies, as well as TTS functions built into Windows XP. Each voice requires slightly under 300mb of disk space, and is available on CD or via download. They support speed and pitch adjustments, and require a minimum of Pentium II, 400mhz with 128mb RAM.

TextAloud 2.0

TextAloud converts any text into spoken words. Instead of the valuable time you spend reading on your computer, imagine being free to relax, get up and stretch, or work on other things while the information you need is read to you in a pleasant, natural sounding human voice. Better still, leave your computer behind. TextAloud's unique Text to MP3 conversion can save your daily reading to MP3 audio files to download to your portable MP3 player. Listen to email, online news, or important documents while you exercise, work or commute.


NewsAloud personal news agent finds the stories you want, then reads them aloud in a natural, human sounding voice. Stop plowing through email or spending hours surfing the net for the news that interests you. Instead let NewsAloud do it so you can listen while you work on something else, or get your news to go and listen while you excercise, commute, or get outside for a change

About the author: David D. Deprice is a TTS professional. He reviews TTS software for

Monday, March 17, 2008

Psychic Discoveries Behind the Iron Curtain

Author: Robert Bruce Baird

We can ask the reader to see if the T-square of the Masons which Churchward details has a 50,000 year history, which we have dealt with, has any application in this report you might remember from Psychic Discoveries Behind The Iron Curtain that formed a large part of my early knowledge in these matters. These devices had been inspired, they (Ostrander and Schroeder of the American teaching profession who wrote this remarkable book.) were told, by archaic manuscripts and forgotten discoveries. They noticed at once that the collection included forms resembling the 'ankh' (or looped cross) and the pyramid commonly associated with Ancient Egypt. "PAVLITA GENERATORS

When Ostrander and Schroeder first saw this collection of Pavlita generators, Robert Pavlita himself was in his mid-fifties, the design director of a Czech textile plant. He had been interested in the subtle use of energies since the twenties. Thirty years of research had taken him into several strange pathways, including a study of Ancient Egypt.

Several scenes depicted in tomb paintings and wall engravings intrigued him, as they have intrigued other engineers. A common representation of a priest offering a libation to Osiris, for example shows the track of something emerging from a container and arching upwards over the god's head. A similar scene appears in a tomb at Thebes where the contents of a pot arc over the head of a mummy. Egyptologists routinely assume that what's shown emerging from the container is liquid.

Bill Cox points out that, if this was so, the track of the liquid - which remains remarkably consistent in pictures of this sort - defies the laws of gravity, unless the liquid is pressurized.. .and this, given the containers shown, requires a source of energy. But there are doubts about whether liquid really is being depicted. The mummification process used in Egypt was designed to extract all moisture from a body and the last thing a servant would have done was pour liquid on a mummy.

If not liquid, then what? Cox speculates that the Egyptians were actually indicating energy tracks or energy fields. Robert Pavlita went further. He decided to see if some of the devices depicted might generate some sort of subtle energy in their own right. {This chapter is headed ""Psychotronics Today"" and he is on the right track that we have shown hundreds of years or more of a device people like the 99 Lodge and Borgias used. It is called the tepaphone and was probably originally developed from the magic wands of Druids who had the harmonics of the ""Lost Chord"". We covered this in Hitler vs. Frabato! & The Charm of Making .}

It took him a long time to prove his point. He quickly discovered that it was nowhere near enough to create, say, a sculptured 'ankh' and hope that some sort of energy would manifest automatically. The metal - or, more often, specific combination of metals - proved important and even then the device had to be properly primed in order to be of any use at all. None the less, he persevered, driven by what amounted to an obsession. Eventually he created a device that produced observable results.

Pavlita took his machine to Hradec Kralove University near Prague {Spelt Praha or Pranha in some languages and the site of much work by medieval alchemists.} and persuaded a physicist there to put it to the test. The results were so dramatic that, within days, the entire physics department was involved. What Pavlita had carried in was a sealed metal box, through which passed a shaft attached to a small electric motor underneath. When the motor was switched on, the shaft revolved. The only other part of the machine was a small, shaped metal object in one corner of the box. This object wasn't attached to any thing and did not seem to have any function whatsoever.

For their tests, the scientists balanced a T-shaped piece of copper on the top of the shaft. When the motor was switched on, the shaft rotated and so, predictably enough, did the T-shaped copper. A high-speed automatic camera kept track of the number of rotations.

Pavlita positioned himself about 2 m (6 ft) from the device and stared at it. After a moment, the copper T slowed, and then stopped, even though the motor was still running and the shaft still rotating. As the startled scientists watched dumbfounded, the copper actually began to spin in the opposite direction to the rotating shaft - an apparent impossibility. The test caused a sensation in research circles, but was gracefully marred by misreporting. Almost without exception, scientists assumed that what had been demonstrated was Robert Pavlita's natural ability as a psychokinetic medium - someone capable of exerting a purely mental influence on the physical world.

{Of course, science really didn't accept psychokinesis either. The reversing of spin on atomic structure like electrons is key to the high spin atomics in conjunction with 'shem-an-na' stones in Egypt that Laurence Gardner attributes many of the benefits of the Philosopher's Stone to. Included among these benefits is levitation or anti-gravity. There is some question in my mind about the levitation of pyramid stones or other rocks of over 500 Tons and the on again off again nature of the weightlessness. There are other answers we will cover that make more sense to us - that does not disprove the actual performance of what may well have been done. The ""White Powder"" has been found at a secret manufacturing site of the Egyptians that ties in with the Biblical story of Moses and the 'burning bush'.}

But Pavlita was doing nothing of the sort. The small metal shape, forgotten in the corner of the sealed box, was the world's first functioning psychotronic generator - or at least the MODERN world's first functioning psychotronic generator. It was this device that allowed Pavlita to demonstrate his 'impossible effect'." (8)

About the author: Author of Diverse Druids

Columnist for The ES Press Magazine

Guest 'expert' at

Sunday, March 16, 2008

Statistical analysis of Hydrologic variables relation to tree ring growth

Author: T. Rios

Statistical methods that may be utilized to determine hydrologic effects on indexed tree growth.

The ability to determine the effects of multiple hydrologic and climatic variables such as temperature, precipitation, stream flow, and groundwater on the growth of the Western Sycamore requires the use of statistical regression methods and may require more complex methods such as multiple linear regression, factor analysis and Principal Component Analysis (PCA).

A note about time scales Since the fundamental dependent variable, tree ring growth, is measured on an annual time scale, any direct correlation to hydrologic variables is limited also to the one-year time scale. Obviously smaller time scales are used and measured to determine variables such as precipitation, groundwater level, temperature, and stream flow. In order to utilize the finer scale of measurements within the hydrologic data sets, the method of aggregating the smaller time scales into seasonal changes, trends or indices may be used. For instance, if ground water levels are measured quarterly of monthly, the creation of a ground water index that aggregates the values into mean groundwater level, maximum recession, or greatest change between wet period and dry period, effectively creates three subsets of groundwater levels that can describe the finer scale of variability observed within the yearly record without information loss to the dependent variable time scale.

Multiple Linear Regression

This type of statistical method combines all the independent variables (precipitation, stream flow, temperature etc.) into one linear polynomial that models the mean response of the dependent variable (in this case tree ring growth). A simplified mathematical representation using three independent variables x, x2, x3 to model the mean response m is as follows:

where b is a fitting parameter to each independent variable. For application to tree ring growth, the mean response of the tree population on a yearly time scale would be modeled by n independent variables such as the hydrologic variables described above. The regression model would utilize a least square fit to the data that minimizes the sum of the squares of the vertical deviations from each data point to the model line resulting in a residual sum of squared error. The basic premise of multiple linear regression is that the independent variables and the dependent variables have similar variance in the distribution of their values and are normally distributed (e.g. not a skewed distribution).

Principal Component Analysis for Hydrologic Variables

The useful qualities of this method of statistical analysis and application to the tree ring analysis is that it can compress many independent variables into a few principal components that capture the maximum variability of the data. As an example, precipitation, stream flow and groundwater may all be correlated to each other but the multiple linear regression of each with tree growth may not be immediately obvious or feasible because of different measured scales and lags in the time series. If however, one variable could be created from the three that captures the maximum variability of the majority of independent values then it could be correlated to the tree ring data directly. In practice, the principal component method creates several principal components of the independent variables (PC1, PC 2, PC3…) that account for total variability of the original data sets. These principal components are then correlated to the dependent variable to determine if any relationship exists. It is important to keep in mind that the existence of any relationship does not imply on its own a mechanism for the relationship between the dependent and independent variables.

About the author: Hydraulic and environmental Fluid Mechanics Engineer

Saturday, March 15, 2008

Immortality : My ultimate aim

Author: Paras Chopra

Immortality has always lured me. Immortality is not just living indefinitely but is to keep struggling to be alive. It means, you cannot die of natural factors but you can however die of you following beings e.g. someone switching off your simulation on a chip without you capable of doing anything coz you have not updated yourselves with the times and the environment you are living in.

But it should be noted that there is no thing such as 100% immortality. No one including the environment is fully immortal because then it would violate the law of life/energy. We will die ultimately when all the free (usable) energy of universe is used up and there is nothing to work upon.

I'm interested in achieving immortality because I want to see all that humans are capable of achieving. It would be sad for me to die before the arrival of teleportation technology, or before I taking an intergalactic tour from earth-mars-andromeda, or before achieving true Artificial intelligence or before we make ourselves habitable to silicon environments, And for the other millions of technologies and theories which are currently in distant future. I want to see them all. I know we (currently known as humans) will achieve all these one day but I also know that I might die before then. It is like going for a treasure hunt and knowing the adventure would definitely end before the goal is achieved. It is like playing a game with ?game over' before ?game end'.

There are many pathways for immortality. We haven't even achieved 0.000001% of our total potential. There is long way to go and I want to see it all. Currently, there are so many methods which describe immortality and infinite more to arrive. Some of them are:

* Running yourself into a computer simulation

* A brain transplant into your clone

* Tearing off the telomere from cells to make them immortal

* Preserving dead bodies cryogenically for future technology to make them alive (sci-fi) stuff

* Etc

Before we delve into the theory, I would like to discuss the term environment. ?Environment' here is discussed in the most abstract sense. The term takes meaning in context to the meaning of the sentence where it is used. It can be anything where it fits best. And yes, it is subjective here. This is because subjectivity gives more options for evolution than objectivity. More subjects more exploration.

Environment here can be earth, mars, carbon, silicon, bits and bytes, differential equations, time, EM waves, etc.

The terms ?organism' and ?energy' is also used in an abstract sense. They can mean anything what we want it to be. It should be carefully observed that in this way the terms ?environment', ?organism' and ?energy' are mutually interchangeable. We can name any term anything as long as it makes sense. In this sense, an organism or the energy can be earth, mars, carbon, silicon, bits and bytes, differential equations, time, EM waves, etc. Therefore,

Environment = Organism = Energy

All these three exist for the benefit of each other or in other words, they depend on each other for its existence. They exist mutually.

Now we take a look at the organism. But please note that you can freely replace the term ?organism' with ?environment' or ?energy' in any of the text below or above. For example, if an organism lives or it has a life by exchanging energy with stale or nonliving organism, we can very well say that the environment lives but not the organism. Or that energy lives on organism via environment as a medium.

Why do we live? Why do we come into existence? Basically, it is the environment which drives the life. As with every system, the environment wants to decrease its free energy. That is why it gives birth to life (it is a part of evolution). When the life comes into being, then the search for ultimate energy harvester starts. This is called evolution. As the complexity in life emerges, the organisms become better energy harvesters. They take energy from the environment, use it thus converting the free energy into unusable energy which is what environment wants. Environment makes us die because it does not want to halt the process of evolution. Evolution is very much necessary for environment because it is the process by which new and better energy harvesters comes into being. If an organism lives forever he possibly will trap the resources for himself which might lead to better organisms or which other organisms can use better. Thus it halts one path for evolution to occur and environment certainly does not want it. To become immortal, an organism needs to do one of the following:

* Fool environment into thinking that it has evolved

* Constantly changing the environment (from carbon to silicon to bits n bytes): thus making itself new (to environment) and thus giving time to environment to analyze its feasibility.

* By constant hopping around new environments, each time it gets into a new environment it gets more time to live

* Actually evolve into the existing environment

* Create a new environment in which it is the ultimate organism. By ultimate organism, I mean an organism which is the best harvester of the its current environment.

About the author: Paras Chopra was born in Patiala, Punjab, India on 3rd June 1987. His interests lie in subjects ranging from Nanotechnology to Biotechnology to Artificial Intelligence. His goal in life is to achieve immortality.

Visit him at:

Friday, March 14, 2008

Big Bang Booming - Back to the Future

Author: Michael Strauss

Theoretical cosmologists spend much of their time perfecting what is now known as the 'Big Bang' theory. This concept originates from ideas percolating in the minds of scientists, theologians and astronomers down through the ages. However, much of what they consider as proof for the 'Big Bang' is dependent upon uncontrolled experimentation that is molded to meet their expectations.

Then God said, ""Let there be light,"" and there was light. This ancient description of the creation of the universe found in the Book of Genesis may be accurate after all. The big bang theory describes the beginning of the universe as having been precipitated from an infinitesimally small point. In this small volume, all matter and energy was concentrated until its contents exploded in either a smooth expansion or an incredibly violent energetic explosion that formed the planets, stars and galaxies. Originally this theory had competition from what is called the 'steady state' theory whereby the universe is forever expanding and new matter and energy is created spontaneously within the space left by the receding galaxies. However, empirical observations have directed astronomers and scientists into the acceptance of the big bang model. But how did we get to this point in our understanding?

In the early part of the twentieth century the American astronomer Vesto Slipher and the German Carl Wirtz made some important astronomical discoveries. Using spectral analysis, Slipher deciphered the mixtures of gases contained in planetary atmospheres as well as nebulae. What distinguishes his findings is the discovery that most if not all galaxies outside of our own demonstrate what is called a 'Red Shift.' This shift is simply a change in the wavelength of the light emitted by those objects under investigation towards a longer wavelength. Wirtz similarly catalogued many red shifts of the nebulae which he chose to study. But it was still to early for them to realize the full potential meaning of their observations. That would wait until Einstein's General Relativity would be interpreted by other scientists through further mathematical analysis.

His contemporaries demonstrated to Einstein that his new Theory of General Relativity published in 1916 was not compatible with a 'static' universe of space time. The theory predicted an expanding or collapsing universe but not a fixed cosmos. Because he personally believed the universe to be an invariable space time continuum, Einstein engaged in a degree of scientific legerdemain. To correct what he perceived to be as 'flaws' in his theory he added the contrivance of a cosmological constant known as lambda to force the static universe into reality. Einstein's view of perfection in an unchanging space time continuum had led him down a blind alley as much as Aristotle's concept of perfection had brought that great philosopher into the error of believing in a static Earth at the center of the universe.

But even with the addition of the cosmological constant lambda, the universe was still found to be unstable and this whole affair would later be viewed by Einstein as his ""greatest blunder."" His cosmological acrobatics behind him, Einstein yielded the stage to others for a clearer understanding of his own theory. It fell to Alexander Alexandrovich Friedmann to consider the consequences of General Relativity without the constant lambda interfering with his study of these relationships. In doing so, the Russian mathematician and cosmologist derived the solution which predicts an ever expanding cosmological structure (1922), a prediction which was disagreeable with Einstein's concept of universal perfection. A couple of years later, Friedmann published his findings in ""About the Possibility of a World with Constant Negative Curvature of Space."" But the entire hypothetical construct still lacked a complete verbalization mathematically and theoretically.

Enter the Reverend Father Georges Lemaitre, a Catholic priest from Belgium. Rev. Fr. Lemaitre provided the equations necessary to formulate the basis of Big Bang theory in his work entitled ""Hypothesis of the Primeval Atom."" He postulated that the universe began as a primordial atom of infinitesimal volume and enormous mass energy as well as space and time and everything else comprising the future universe. At some point the universe began with the explosion of this super atom. Lemaitre published his theoretical ideas between the years 1927 and 1933 and speculated that the movement of the nebulae demonstrated the validity of the explosion of his cosmic super atom. Unfortunately, he also wrongly believed that cosmic rays might be an after effect of the super atom's big bang. These are now known to be generated not from a universal conflagration but from galactic sources unrelated to the big bang.

However, the new theory still lacked a major source of observational support. This would be provided by Edwin Hubble's observations of the redshift of galaxies. Taking up where Slipher and Wirtz left off, Hubble employed a novel technique to discern the properties of the galactic movements. By choosing to observe stars that are known as Cepheid Variables he could more accurately make measurements. Cepheids are a type of star that brighten and darken and lighten back up in regular periods of time that are well known. Cepheids that have identical cycle times of brightening darkening and brightening again also have identical or nearly identical luminosity. Thus, if one compares the length of the cycle to the amount of light apparent to the observer it is possible to accurately prepare an estimate of the distance to the cepheid.

In this manner, Hubble had found that the nebulae or galaxies exhibited a galactic red shift; in other words, that galaxies were receding away from ours at a speed which is correlated directly with the distance between our vantage point and the galaxy being studied. The further away the galaxies were the faster they appeared to be going in moving away from us. The results of these investigations is now known as Hubble's Law. Essentially, this law states that universe is in an ever expanding mode whereby the intergalactic distances continue to grow without bound into infinity. Hubble's Law depends upon the shifting of the wavelength of light and after having been delineated in 1929 has been subsequently proven over and over again. Further, Hubble's constant has been recalculated to a more 'perfect' value and retains a great probability of being 'recomputed' in the future based upon new observations.

Thus, it should be clear to the reader that our scientists have a fateful habit of introducing their preconceived notions of beauty into their models. From Aristotle's static Earth to Einstein's greatest blunder, the constant which forces a static universe, we proceed only from the wisdom of our weak minds. The more things change the more things stay the same. Man's hubris knows no limits in our attempts to understand things without the wisdom to comprehend its underlying meaning. Humble we are not. We are making the same mistakes we always have. Back to the future. To be continued...

About the author: Michael Strauss is an engineer and author of Requiem for Relativity the Collapse of Special Relativity, a serious critique on the fallacies of Special Relativity. To contact the author visit: www.relativitycollapse.n et or www.relativitycollapse.c om