Sunday, April 30, 2006

Human Genome and Mayan Calendar

Author: Robert Bruce Baird

HUMAN GENOME PROJECT: - In 1991 Michael Coe wrote Breaking the Mayan Code in which he said knowing how this language was ‘both phonetic as well as pictographic was as important as the Human Genome Project and space colonization’. Personally I think it is very important to see the Mayans had a language understandable in many contexts across numerous tribes and people. It IS very important to our proposed Brotherhood of Man. It is not as important as either of the other major advances for the near future of mankind; space colonization will be our saving grace as remnants of humanity even if he would interpret the Mayan prophecy that calls for a new civilization in 2012 as an end to earthian humans. My personal hope is the prophecy relates to a new purpose and focus for humanity. That will require ethical approaches to the Human Genome Project. We do not need to force a small group of humans into some new species even if they think it would be best for themselves or all of us, collectively. Those who will desire the near immortality gene-therapy and the fixing of telomeres it will allow should not be allowed to become Homo Sapiens Immortalis if all people are not allowed access. How can we stop this from happening? What about cloning humans? Then there is Danny Hillis and those who would like to dump their brain into a perfected robot of sentient ability. This is not a science fiction primer but it must seem so at this juncture, or at least it would have to my father's generation.

""The genetic instructions for making a person take up less than 21/2 centimetres of the 1.8-metre-long strand of DNA that's stuffed inside virtually every cell in the body, according to new findings. Most of the rest of the human genome is filled with weird life-like entities that have settled in the genome like squatters, among them microscopic bits of foreign DNA {Gardner says some is Anunnaki or alien DNA, and that blank parts exist for more programming.} that live like parasites on human DNA and even smaller bits that sponge off those parasites. Although scientists have known that such critters existed in the human genome, only now have they been able to see how many there really are, how they are distributed among people's genes, and how these complex communities evolved inside the cells of human ancestors over millions of years…

'We've called the human genome the book of life, but it's really three books,' said Francis Collins, director of the National Human Genome Research Institute in Bethesda, Md., and a chief of the human genome project. 'It's a history book. It's a shop manual and a parts list. And' it's a textbook of medicine more profoundly detailed than ever.’...

The researchers also found that sperm carry twice as many mutations as eggs, suggesting that men are the major source of genetic errors and evolutionary innovation.

By comparing the human genome to the genome of simpler organisms like the fly and the worm, scientists are also seeing with unprecedented detail how just a handful of genetic innovations helped launch early vertebrates ahead of the biological pack hundreds of millions of years ago.

For all the evolutionary creativity that led to the human race, genome scientists said, there is shockingly little variation from person to person. Around the globe, they are all about 99.9 per cent genetically identical.” (10)

Do you think there is more we will learn about how white men came to be, or how many hominids there have been as modern as us? There appears to be a great deal of information available in our genes. Could they be a computer access code that the soul commands? I think the akashic and cosmic energy is consciously swimming around and inside all life. The NASA scientists say life is everywhere and I say love is there too. If only we allow ourselves to feel and sense its' all encompassing warmth that permeates every void and fills every rock. The shamans made their drugs by attunement and receiving direction from the plants and rocks. Jung's archetypes are very much connected to the genes which carry our past. Perhaps Jesus and his 'living father within' are closely connected to enable us through our genes. The mystics say the genes receive instruction from the soul and spirit. Our archetypes or the lattices of 'one-dimensional harmonic force' with all 11 M-branes in each and every atom, coordinate in our solar bodies as well as our dross physical bodies. It is ludicrous to think we know all about consciousness or the soul, and most people live in ignorance or deny its' essence.

The trips we can take as we allow our soul to infuse our solar body and consciously travel are awesome. They are no more hallucinatory than the grimace on the face of the professor who denies these ideas. The poets and minstrels of yore were able to carry our imaginations to the nether regions as we began to dance in harmony with nature. The forces of nature have coherence and meridians or lattices and vectors that allow the functioning of all that is so magnificent. We have tried to place ourselves above nature and we will (hopefully) never achieve that all too egotistical pursuit. These forces are there to welcome us as we stand on the cliff contemplating a dive. Viktor Hugo wrote a wonderful appreciation of Shakespeare that I love to quote. He likened our observation of Shakespeare to standing on this cliff and looking out to ""Glimpse the waves of the marvellous!"" Each time we return to read his plays we experience greater depths and return to that cliff and take one step further down as we're drawn closer to the all embracing reality of the waves in the cosmic ocean that awaits us in connected beauty upon the end of our journey.

About the author: Author of Diverse Druids Columnist for The ES Press Magazine Guest 'expert' at World-Mysteries.com

The Institute of Noetic Sciences

Author: Robert Bruce Baird

The possibility of sentient beings on earlier solar systems said to be many billions of years older than our own, developing travel and transposition of some teleportational nature seems one of the most stable and down to earth possibilities when we consider these spheres. Other ideas flit through our mind as we imagineer the conscious wisdom of refined metallurgical objects beyond mere silica microchips and revisit what Dr Robins termed the megaliths - macrochips. What is the operating system they are part and parcel of? Is the old Gaian theory of the earth far removed from a universal entity that would have implants in the earth to form greater contact? The manganese nodules occur naturally but what difference does that make when one is thinking about evolving layers of consciously connected matter guided by dimensional force entities of non-corporeal nature? That kind of thought might lead us to worship the Ka'aba with a lot more validity.

The spheres could also be put there to influence stability and join with other earth energy forces to actuate specific occurrences we are only remotely able to understand. It could be from our own future or from an earlier adept civilization whose attunement was collectively superior to what exists today. This kind of thought is more 'far-out' than David M. Jacobs, Ph. D. and the alien abduction agenda contemplated in his books Secret Life and The Threat. His associate professorship in history at Temple University makes one feel good about the possible future of free-thought in America. What sense does it make in one’s day to day life to think about such wild imagineering? Well, that IS where the rubber hits the road as they say; and we humbly suggest that even in this life while physically manifest in sensual containers with high level focus on the joy these senses bring - we are part of the evolving purpose and what has been called God's greater purpose. We also suggest the way of knowledge and positive application of the results of thinking does not advantage one if they turn away from the facts. These spheres are facts and they can not have designs (or the vase from 300,000,000 years ago) of this complexity and be so metallurgically advanced if we take only our present concept of nature into account.

Is the flexible metal that can't be cut with welder's torches which is shown by the son of the Roswell whistle-blower drawn from the same manufacture process? A personal friend of mine says he knows a chemist/metallurgical researcher who was sent such material from the States to a place just east of Oshawa/Toronto. They could conceive no earthly explanation for it. Now which of these 'possibilities' do you wish to contemplate? The alien one has abductee experiences and hybrid genetics that include clearly extraterrestrial conclusions. The prior earth civilization with advanced technology and attunements beyond language and its limits, means matter can be sent back through time. When NEC Labs at Princeton observed 300X light speed in Cesium, the argument can still be made that time travel is not possible for complex systems that are living. So what if muons have an ability to communicate or travel in the dimensional or other intricate manners we are close to understanding. Cesium is the most accurate means of tracing time in clocks in a great improvement over quartz which we have seen in the piezo-electric description of Dr Robins. Each different crystalline structure is an expression of the forming building blocks and their consciousnesses. Bucky Fuller and the Fullerenes named after him come rushing to the forefront of my mind.

Nanotubes are part of a creative process that harmonizes to the rhythm of something we may soon know. There are ways to imagine the spheres could have been created by advanced human or other earth sentient beings in conjunction with the spirit and wisdom of the shamanic relationship in vortexes and wisdom thereof. These would require some form of teleportation and the prevalence of spheres in this one area may be in response to a forceful build-up of whatever forms the manganese nodules or because of the same forces or intelligence from other parts of the universe such as whatever causes the meteors to collect in amazing numbers near Mt. Yamato (Or Yamamoto) in Antarctica.

In attempting to come up with a way to express or communicate the places where the mind goes in integrating these truly mysterious things we are asking the reader to endure another German Nazi analogy on the slippery slope of ethics and the relative nature of morality. We all know the Nazis were heavy into esoterics and ancient civilization from the Spielberg trilogy but it was much more than just a hobby or some weird obsession. In fact you could say it was being done by others in secret bases; but we can't be sure of a great deal of these things because of the secrecy surrounding some weapons systems that even long after they are no longer in use aren't talked about. It is almost certain that Hitler and his cronies or handlers like General Hausohofer and Himmler were well aware of the weapons systems described in the Mahábhárata. They seem to have attempted to make most of them become real and their scientists were helpful to the development of these things after the war. Some of the things were already on the drawing boards and tested. Were they also in a position to know about the Foo Fighters?

""On the night of 15 November 1944 the team of Elmore and Mapes again recorded a first - a nightime visual confirmation on a night flying Me163. Lt. Mapes remembers it well:

'We were flying what was known as a ""free-lance"" intruder mission around Bonn, Germany. It was around 2300 hours before we hit our area. The overcast was at 4000 ft. with a beautiful moonlit clear sky above. Suddenly, I picked up a ""bogey"" on my radar that was high above us and travelling at a terrific speed. Just as it was about to pass over us, Elmore put us into a hard 180 degree turn. I could not find it on the radar and looked out above us. The sight was unbelievable! It appeared to be shaped like a wedge of pie with a long plume of flame coming from its rear end.

I kept watching him and calling out where he was over the intercom. He appeared to be in a tight circle directly above us. About the time that Elmore got a visual, the flame died down to a glow and it started to spiral down on us. I could see intermittent bursts of fire from the nose, and knew it was cannon or machine gun fire. I relayed this on and we began taking violent evasive action. Suddenly, this strange aircraft broke off and went into a vertical climb, with a long plume of flame shooting out the rear end. After several manoeuvres like this, we both agreed it was the new German Me 163 rocket plane. We never could get in a position to fire on it because of its tight spiralling and rapid climbs. Finally, it left the area and we never saw it again. Although we never fired a shot at it, it was a very memorable mission!'” (18)

John von Neumann may not have known why all his teachers encouraged him to follow so many unconventional paths and Hitler may have a greater enduring part to play in the intergalactic 'seeding' of space and other advanced cloaking and cloning devices than even the Sanskrit texts contemplate. Please check into the von Neumann probes taking genetic material to other galactic planets at our present time. Could the 'spheres' have encoded or time release information? It can seem almost fun and beyond science fiction to go too far down this road. What is too far? We hope you'll decide for yourself and not cater to the conventional or societal norm like the good citizens of Germany did when they heard rumors about the 'fun' going on with Jews in concentration camps.

EDGAR MITCHELL: - The Noetic Sciences people are lucky to have this former astronaut (Astronaut Michael Collins similarly deals in spiritual truth from history) as part of their team of scientists. They have seminars that that cover much of the kind of thing that the future must bring into being our reality. Here is the intro to one of his workshops:

“For almost 400 years, western civilization has been structured around the Cartesian conclusion that body and mind belong to separate realms of existence. But Descartes was wrong; they are but two faces of an intelligent, creative, self-organizing, learning, trial and error, interactive, participatory, evolving universe. This Dyadic model proposes that existence and the ability to know (consciousness) both arise from the same concept – energy – an energy that contains the seeds of knowing. Non-local information about the physical universe provides the missing link between objective science and subjective experience, including the mystical experience. We will explore these concepts with ample time for questions and discussion.

Edgar Mitchell, Apollo 14 Astronaut – sixth man to walk on the moon (1971), Founder, Institute of Noetic Sciences (1973), Author of Psychic Exploration and The Way of The Explorer. A pioneer in efforts to expand science toward understanding consciousness and inner experience. From the vicinity of the Moon, Ed Mitchell viewed planet Earth among the separate galaxies, the stars and planets, and had a transformative experience that changed his life. He left his job as a naval officer and astronaut, founded IONS {The institute of Noetic Sciences from which this excerpt is taken. I highly recommend them and a visit to their web site for starters.} , and began a rigorous exploration of links between inner and outer journeys, between science and spirituality.”

He is a honorary member of the Club of Budapest and I will list some of the names including his here at this point, but I want you to ask yourself whether Von Neumann, Wigner, St. Germain and others from that region are somehow esoterically connected. It seems to be a hotbed of interesting things and people going along with Rudolf I’s Prague and Vienna. Every one of these people could be highlighted in this book and I would have to say they are all excellent role models. The list comes from www.planetaryvision.net/page21.html .

About the author: Author of many books and an activist for soul rather than the paradigm and greed

Hobbits and Lice

Author: Robert Bruce Baird

HOBBITS AND LICE:

In late 2004 the media was all agog with the small hominids found on Flores Island where I had written about artifacts showing sea travel technology must have existed. I had argued with many people about the issue and their argument had some merit in that we had no proof of a connection to humans or the nearby Mungo Man. However, once we found these creatures which some researchers even think could be part chimpanzee the issue became clearly in my favor. I think the divergence of human lice proven through DNA technology going back 1.18 to 1.8 million years ago is even more telling and I look forward to the further research on pubic lice that might prove hominids cross-breeding. Here is one source for further review.

“It was astonishing and exciting enough to have discovered a new - and wholly unexpected - hominid species last week. The discovery of the partial skeletons of three-foot tall ""hobbits"" on the Indonesian island of Flores would have been front page news however old they were. But what made them really extraordinary was their age. They weren't fossils. These were bones rotted to the consistency of blotting paper, less than 18,000 years old; and there are grounds for hoping that the creatures lived on into historical times. Some might even be alive in sufficiently remote island jungles today. The native legends about ""Ebu Gogo"" suggest that contact between Homo sapiens and Homo floresiensis took place within the last century on Flores.

The idea that our ancestors had contact with other human species is a profound and disturbing one. The whole term ""human species"" begs the question. If they are other species, can they really be what we mean by ""human""? Human is a moral category as much as a biological one. That's why it is such a useful weapon word in the debates about abortion. To call someone or something human is generally meant as praise, and implies that they should be treated as we treat ourselves.

This interpretation of ""humanity"" is not, of course, a necessarily human trait. It's certainly not encoded in our genes. Most cultures, in most of history, have had no trouble in treating other human beings as domesticated animals or very much worse. But we, who speak English, call this process ""dehumanisation"".

The skeletal fragments, and the legends from local people, make this story far more vivid than the other evidence for human encounters with other humanoid species. That shouldn't obscure the fact that this is the second such story this autumn, and the first one is far more chilling.

The evidence there came from lice. As the parents of almost any school age girl will know, human lice are extraordinarily tenacious and well adapted to life on our scalps. They don't survive for more than a few hours away from human flesh.

The war between lice and their hosts has continued for billions of years - there are species of louse adapted to almost every sort of primate and many species of birds. In humans, they infest our head, our clothes, and our bodily hair. Curiously, the body lice are the same species as head lice - although they behave quite differently, living in clothes, and coming in to feed on skin once or twice a day. Head lice live in hair and feed more often.

But it turns out that DNA analysis shows there are two distinct sub-species of head lice in humans. All over the world, except in western North America, they are the same. But there is a population of lice along the Pacific coast of North America which have been evolving separately from the rest of the world for about 1.8m years. The only way to make sense of this is to assume that their separate development took place on Homo erectus, who also split off from our hominid ancestors about that time ago.

So how could these lice have reached their present, wholly human hosts? It seems to me that this could only have happened through some act of primal genocide when Homo erectus met Homo sapiens somewhere in eastern Siberia. Lice can only travel between living bodies, or very freshly dead ones. If the transmission had been from living bodies, we would expect the same pattern in bodily lice. It isn't there. Nor is there any trace of Homo erectus in our DNA. So the lice must have come from very fresh corpses and it is hard to suppose that they had died peacefully just before the intruders turned up.

The story of ""Ebu Gogo"" sounds more improving. According to local villagers, these creatures were around until about a century ago: three feet tall, hairy, and speechless, though they could imitate human speech, like parrots. The villagers tolerated them and even fed them, though they would only eat raw food, until they stole and ate a baby. They drove them from their cave with blazing bales of grass. Shortly thereafter, the villagers themselves moved off and western settlers arrived. The cave where the Ebu Gogo lived has not been found. But if it is - and scientists are looking - it might yield some extraordinary remains.

These wouldn't be technological. Perhaps the saddest aspect of the whole story is the slow loss of technology it implies. Ebu Gogo seems to have been a descendent of Homo erectus, also known as Java man, who reached the island about 840,000 years ago. This was almost certainly something that required boats, which seem a pretty human-level technology.” (1)

About the author: Author of Diverse Druids Columnist for The ES Press Magazine Guest 'expert' at World-Mysteries.com

The Bermuda Triangle and Antarctica

Author: Robert Bruce Baird

The science of metallurgy is vital to the social structures surrounding all esoteric beliefs. The shamans who gathered meteorite material to fashion tools and weapons as well as for the use of the metals and spirits thereof became great aristocrats, as their family or heritage grew. Genghis Khan (Temujin) is from such a family and most of the early aristocrats were either adept (like the House of David and Solomon) themselves or worked closely with these artisans who we could call alchemists, as Mircae Eliade does in his The Forge and The Crucible . When the Spanish arrived in Mayan lands they asked the Aztecs and others where their knives came from, they also found a meteorite at the venerated apex of the Cholula pyramid. They pointed to the heavens and the Spanish reports call this paganism. When this use of metals began is anyone's guess.

It requires no great debate or references of authorities to know the almost ultimate import of meteors in the ancient past when one considers just these two things. The Ka'aba is a black meteorite in Mecca and there is a ritual among the Islamic faithful who must visit it once in their lifetime. That ritual of approaching this sacred relic from very ancient times (before Islam) is learned by all of Islam. In Mexico there are pyramids with churches on top (now) that used to house meteorites.

""In 1969, a Japanese scientific expedition was trekking near the Yamato Mountains, in the region of the Antarctic {Under international domain.} icecap that lies directly south of Africa. The Japanese found nine dark meteorites lying close together on the surface of the ice.

Given meteorites' scarcity, the expedition leaders assumed that the nine samples they found were fragments of a single large specimen that had broken apart in its fall to the ice. To their amazement, however, they soon discovered that their finds were all of different types and chemical compositions. They were not pieces of one rock. They had not even formed in the same region of the solar system. This was thrilling! The convergence of nine separate thunders tones at that single spot implied that the ice sheet itself was somehow collecting those rarities of nature and sweeping them together.

The Japanese mounted more expeditions to the Yamato ice in 1973, 1974, 1975, and 1979, and they were rewarded with a grand total of 3,000 meteorites. Every year since then, during the brief Antarctic summer, international expeditions have converged on the Japanese rock gardens. Each small meteorite is photographed where it lies and then nudged gingerly into a teflon bag, which is an awkward procedure when performed with thick mittens and in deep subzero cold, with the stone skittering on the ice. Once bagged, each specimen is shipped home and studied in an antiseptic laboratory, using the same sort of apparatus built to study Moon rocks. The sample is never touched by human hands.” (1)

They go on to describe the then existing theory of the Big Bang but no mention of how these rocks get there and keep getting there. What might be happening here? Is there a case of affinity at work (my encyclopedia has an in depth description of affinity)? Is there intelligent design or what? The Pasadena lab where a lot of these things are studied is known as the Lunatic Asylum. A member of my sister-in-law's family works for JPL there, and travels all around the world doing things they never get to know about anymore. Is it because she isn't allowed to tell them or is it because the family used to call her ideas and the things we would talk about 'sheer lunacy'? What happened in the 8 billion years or so between the formation of our known universe and the formation of our Milky Way? The numbers are so incredible that the mind can't conceive what is in just the known universe, and there are others we put outside the words 'known universe'. Who is able to do more than worship this phantasm or orgy of 'luna'-cy (luna=moon)?

“‘It looks as if Venus may have had oceans hundreds of millions of years ago,"" says planetologist Jim Head. If so, Venus would have been very much more like Earth. Its continents may have enjoyed rivers, streams, puffy white clouds, and pleasant weather… Will the human volcano heat Planet Earth until all the seas go dry and lead melts in the sunlight? Are we already on the downhill path to Venus?” (2)

The reason the rocks are drawn to Mt. Yamato may have something to do with the Earth Energy Grid which has two bands of energy ‘blobs’ or vortices around the world. Mt. Yamato would be a site where the opposite energy may exist. I will not be able to prove it but I will present some interesting data on the Bermuda Triangle from the early research of Ivan Sanderson.

First of all let me say I think a very large meteor was drawn to the area of the Bermuda Triangle in 8350 BCE or thereabouts. The cobalt and nickel left there from this meteor will throw electrical guidance systems haywire and this has been demonstrated by credible researchers. It is called the Carolina Bays Event and I think it provides a reason why there is a 2200 foot drop to an urban site now being looked into off the coast of Cuba. The plate tectonics of rising mountains in the Andes would be far too early to tie in with this sudden drop of a city or urban center, I think. This excerpt also addresses the region of Japan where recent finds of semi-Pyramidal structures are being researched. That site is Yonaguni and there are others near there.

“The Disposition of Anomalies

We have spent a perhaps inordinate amount of time discussing the things that called attention to these ‘Vile Vortices’ in order to demonstrate the extent and character of the phenomenon. I think the time has now come for some detailed analysis of and comment upon this business as a whole; and from this we may proceed to some speculation.

The popular idea has been that there is one roughly triangular area with sides running from Bermuda to central Florida and thence to Puerto Rico in which a large number of planes have simply vanished without a trace.

This is a glamorous notion, but on proper analysis, it does not stand up. It is not a triangle, and its periphery is much greater than the one outlined above. In fact, the area in which such disappearances, or alleged disappearances, have been recorded forms a large, sort of lozenge-shaped {These lozenge lattices are found all around many ‘keltoi’ sites like the Tarim Basin of recent discovery. Mandalas are designed according to energy flow. The energy that taught or that they observed is all important.} area which is neither centered on the Oceanic island of Bermuda not can it in any way be depended from it. We have plotted all the ‘disappearances’—and please remember that this is something quite different from mere sinking of ships and submarines, or ditchings of planes—reported from this area and found that it slops way over the original so-called ‘triangle.’ After this discovery, the question naturally arose as t the uniqueness of this funny blob, which extends from about 30degrees to 40 degrees north latitude, and from about 55 degrees to 85 degrees west. Was it unique?

We knew already that there was at least one other such area alleged to exist. This lies some 250 miles south of the Japanese island of Honshu about longitude 140 degrees east. We therefore started to work, gathering records of ships lost and planes vanishing around this point which, as a matter of fact, had up till then been only mentioned—and rather casually at that. The outcome was not just amazing; it was positively startling. Plane after plane on its way south to Guam appears to have vanished, and this with disturbing frequency. So we started plotting again, and despite the usually very vague locations given—and no wonder, considering that these planes disappeared without radio signals or any trace—another lozenge-shaped blob came to light.

This startled us a bit, but then one of my colleagues had the brilliant idea of getting out a map of the world! Once we had a map before us, we saw that both lozenges lay precisely between 30 degrees and 40 degrees north and also spread about 30 degrees east to west, latitudinally. This really did spark us, so we made a grab for the globe.

Now the surface of our earth as seen on a globe is really very different from what we look at on a two-dimensional map, and especially one on what is called the Mercator projection. Just where did these two blobs lie relative to each other as one went around the globe? It turned out that they were centered 160 degrees apart (going around one way) and 200 degrees (going the other). In other words, there did not appear to be any noticeable pattern. If they had been at 180 degrees going both ways, they would have been exactly opposite each other on opposite sides of the earth. But then something else cropped up.

We had been inundated with letters asking for more information on the disappearances of the Israeli and French submarines at the east and west ends of the Mediterranean, respectively, We were naturally unable to add anything to the news reports and official statements. However, the Mediterranean Sea just happens to form a lozenge-shaped blob, also lying between 30 degrees and 40 degrees north, and just about 30 degrees from left to right, latitudinally.

Naturally, we measured the distance between these three blobs. Then something else rather startling came to light. They were arranged on an apparently strict numerical progression—from the Bermuda bit to the Mediterranean, four; the Mediterranean to the Japanese, five; and the Japanese to the Bermuda, six.

Now, I don’t like such neat patterns emerging in anything in nature; it looks far too much as though somebody had got the idea first, and then tried to fit the facts into it. You can fit almost anything into almost anything else if you try hard enough; as any mathematician, statistician, or police officer can tell you. However, Nature is to a great extent fairly orderly and does display rather neat patterns.

So we had three ‘blobs’ in a line—and the same line, please note—of something. But just what? At this point I started doing some hard thinking. If there are three such areas between 30 degrees and 40 degrees north latitude, could there be equivalents at 30 degrees and 40 degrees south latitude? A subsequent investigation into plane, ship, and sub losses in the southern hemisphere yielded some amazing results.

There turned out to be three exactly similar areas situated below the equator. These lie off the east coasts of South America, South Africa, and Australia. All proved to be precisely within 30 degrees to 40 degrees of latitude south, and also to be about 30 degrees of longitude in width. But very strangely, they were all tilted up to the right or east, as were also those in the northern hemisphere! Frankly, this does not seem to make sense, because our planet is a sphere and the southern hemisphere should mirror the northern. So we started looking for some physical reason for this clear pattern.

The first thing that emerged was that these vortices in the southern hemisphere wee precisely shifted the same number of degrees to the east in all cases. Then one further fact came to light. Of all the possible known physical factors that could cause this pattern—temperature, barometric pressure, and, above all, geomagnetic anomalies—only one fitted, and this was surface ocean currents!

Five of these six areas—the Mediterranean alone being in a different category—lie on the right or east sides of the continents, {Before the African continent collided with the land north of it about 12 million years ago, this would not be the case. But it would not have been on the right of any land then. Remember this is where the Great Pyramid serves some Earth Energy Grid function and somehow is located on the nearest firm foundation to the center of all the land masses on earth.} and all precisely in curious areas where hot surface currents stream out of the tropical latitudes toward the colder waters of the temperate, subpolar and eventually polar areas. What is more, the two principal ones in the northern hemisphere, in accordance with the simple behavior of waters on a spinning globe, turn clockwise, while the three in the southern hemisphere turn counterclockwise. There is nothing odd about this; but there is about the fact that said twirls all make their tightest turns precisely in these five locations…

{He goes on to detail how other occurrences are problematic in these same areas and highlights the fact that disappearances that leave no trace only happen to such a high proportion in these areas. He then got a letter from a woman whose brothers in the Navy and Air Force had told her things that result in ten ‘blobs’ or lozenges which fit the ancient Pentagon-dodecahedron knowledge which he does not mention and may not have known about. He also makes it clear he sees none of the UFO or ET things to this which Cathie and others do.}

The significance of this may be lost on most of us ordinary and non-mathematically orientated folk, so I asked our chief geometer, who is also a specialist electronics engineer, to tell me how to put it. His reply was very clear and, to me at least, simple; namely, that there would appear to be ten funny places on the surface of our planet which lie opposite each other in a particular manner… demonstrated that all five of them {Skewers placed through the globe at the points of the lozenges.} were battling to pass through the exact center of the earth.” (3)

Thus we have the Great Pyramid serving as the keystone to the surface of the earth and these vortices of energy derived out of some deep earth energy which I also relate to the meteorites from space finding a reason to collect in Antarctica or the large one drawn to the Bermuda Triangle. Research on the tensile strength of metals over these ‘blots’ shows the fields of energy surrounding the earth has a strong impact on everything and that makes one wonder about many things considered foolish about astrology or other psycho-spiritual sciences.

Notes:

1) Planet Earth, by Jonathan Weiner, Bantam Books/WQED Pittsburgh, NY, 1986, pgs. 167-8.

2) Ibid., pg.174.

3) Invisible Residents, by Ivan T. Sanderson, F. L. S., F. R. G. S., M. A. (Cantab.), The World Publishing Company, New York and Cleveland, 1970, pgs. 137-144.

About the author: Author of Diverse Druids Columnist for The ES Press Magazine Guest 'expert' at World-Mysteries.com

Text To Speech - It's Simple

Author: David D. Deprice

Looking for a natural voice speech engine? Curious about what software can read your e-mails. Here is the latest TTS (text-to-speach) news.

AT&T Natural Voices

http://www.deprice.com/attnaturalvoices.htm

AT&T Natural Voices are available in 16khz or 8khz Versions. The 16khz versions have a richer, fuller sound and are more natural sounding. The 8khz version is slightly less expensive and takes up less disk space, but generally doesn't sound quite as good. A good analogy might be that 16khz voices sound like voices over FM Radio, while 8khz voices sound much more like voices over the telephone.

NeoSpeech

http://www.deprice.com/neospeechsapi5voices.htm

Kate and Paul are US English voices, available in 16khz or 8khz versions, supporting SAPI5 Speech applications including all NextUp.com Products, most newer TTS programs from other companies, as well as TTS functions built into Windows XP. Each voice requires slightly under 300mb of disk space, and is available on CD or via download. They support speed and pitch adjustments, and require a minimum of Pentium II, 400mhz with 128mb RAM.

TextAloud 2.0

http://www.deprice.com/textaloud.htm

TextAloud converts any text into spoken words. Instead of the valuable time you spend reading on your computer, imagine being free to relax, get up and stretch, or work on other things while the information you need is read to you in a pleasant, natural sounding human voice. Better still, leave your computer behind. TextAloud's unique Text to MP3 conversion can save your daily reading to MP3 audio files to download to your portable MP3 player. Listen to email, online news, or important documents while you exercise, work or commute.

NewsAloud

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NewsAloud personal news agent finds the stories you want, then reads them aloud in a natural, human sounding voice. Stop plowing through email or spending hours surfing the net for the news that interests you. Instead let NewsAloud do it so you can listen while you work on something else, or get your news to go and listen while you excercise, commute, or get outside for a change

About the author: David D. Deprice is a TTS professional. He reviews TTS software for http://www.deprice.com/audio.htm

Saturday, April 29, 2006

Psychic Discoveries Behind the Iron Curtain

Author: Robert Bruce Baird

We can ask the reader to see if the T-square of the Masons which Churchward details has a 50,000 year history, which we have dealt with, has any application in this report you might remember from Psychic Discoveries Behind The Iron Curtain that formed a large part of my early knowledge in these matters. These devices had been inspired, they (Ostrander and Schroeder of the American teaching profession who wrote this remarkable book.) were told, by archaic manuscripts and forgotten discoveries. They noticed at once that the collection included forms resembling the 'ankh' (or looped cross) and the pyramid commonly associated with Ancient Egypt. “PAVLITA GENERATORS

When Ostrander and Schroeder first saw this collection of Pavlita generators, Robert Pavlita himself was in his mid-fifties, the design director of a Czech textile plant. He had been interested in the subtle use of energies since the twenties. Thirty years of research had taken him into several strange pathways, including a study of Ancient Egypt.

Several scenes depicted in tomb paintings and wall engravings intrigued him, as they have intrigued other engineers. A common representation of a priest offering a libation to Osiris, for example shows the track of something emerging from a container and arching upwards over the god's head. A similar scene appears in a tomb at Thebes where the contents of a pot arc over the head of a mummy. Egyptologists routinely assume that what's shown emerging from the container is liquid.

Bill Cox points out that, if this was so, the track of the liquid - which remains remarkably consistent in pictures of this sort - defies the laws of gravity, unless the liquid is pressurized.. .and this, given the containers shown, requires a source of energy. But there are doubts about whether liquid really is being depicted. The mummification process used in Egypt was designed to extract all moisture from a body and the last thing a servant would have done was pour liquid on a mummy.

If not liquid, then what? Cox speculates that the Egyptians were actually indicating energy tracks or energy fields. Robert Pavlita went further. He decided to see if some of the devices depicted might generate some sort of subtle energy in their own right. {This chapter is headed ""Psychotronics Today"" and he is on the right track that we have shown hundreds of years or more of a device people like the 99 Lodge and Borgias used. It is called the tepaphone and was probably originally developed from the magic wands of Druids who had the harmonics of the ""Lost Chord"". We covered this in Hitler vs. Frabato! & The Charm of Making .}

It took him a long time to prove his point. He quickly discovered that it was nowhere near enough to create, say, a sculptured ‘ankh' and hope that some sort of energy would manifest automatically. The metal - or, more often, specific combination of metals - proved important and even then the device had to be properly primed in order to be of any use at all. None the less, he persevered, driven by what amounted to an obsession. Eventually he created a device that produced observable results.

Pavlita took his machine to Hradec Kralove University near Prague {Spelt Praha or Pranha in some languages and the site of much work by medieval alchemists.} and persuaded a physicist there to put it to the test. The results were so dramatic that, within days, the entire physics department was involved. What Pavlita had carried in was a sealed metal box, through which passed a shaft attached to a small electric motor underneath. When the motor was switched on, the shaft revolved. The only other part of the machine was a small, shaped metal object in one corner of the box. This object wasn't attached to any thing and did not seem to have any function whatsoever.

For their tests, the scientists balanced a T-shaped piece of copper on the top of the shaft. When the motor was switched on, the shaft rotated and so, predictably enough, did the T-shaped copper. A high-speed automatic camera kept track of the number of rotations.

Pavlita positioned himself about 2 m (6 ft) from the device and stared at it. After a moment, the copper T slowed, and then stopped, even though the motor was still running and the shaft still rotating. As the startled scientists watched dumbfounded, the copper actually began to spin in the opposite direction to the rotating shaft - an apparent impossibility. The test caused a sensation in research circles, but was gracefully marred by misreporting. Almost without exception, scientists assumed that what had been demonstrated was Robert Pavlita's natural ability as a psychokinetic medium - someone capable of exerting a purely mental influence on the physical world.

{Of course, science really didn't accept psychokinesis either. The reversing of spin on atomic structure like electrons is key to the high spin atomics in conjunction with 'shem-an-na' stones in Egypt that Laurence Gardner attributes many of the benefits of the Philosopher's Stone to. Included among these benefits is levitation or anti-gravity. There is some question in my mind about the levitation of pyramid stones or other rocks of over 500 Tons and the on again off again nature of the weightlessness. There are other answers we will cover that make more sense to us - that does not disprove the actual performance of what may well have been done. The ""White Powder"" has been found at a secret manufacturing site of the Egyptians that ties in with the Biblical story of Moses and the 'burning bush'.}

But Pavlita was doing nothing of the sort. The small metal shape, forgotten in the corner of the sealed box, was the world's first functioning psychotronic generator - or at least the MODERN world's first functioning psychotronic generator. It was this device that allowed Pavlita to demonstrate his 'impossible effect’.” (8)

About the author: Author of Diverse Druids

Columnist for The ES Press Magazine

Guest 'expert' at World-Mysteries.com

Statistical analysis of Hydrologic variables relation to tree ring growth

Author: T. Rios

Statistical methods that may be utilized to determine hydrologic effects on indexed tree growth.

The ability to determine the effects of multiple hydrologic and climatic variables such as temperature, precipitation, stream flow, and groundwater on the growth of the Western Sycamore requires the use of statistical regression methods and may require more complex methods such as multiple linear regression, factor analysis and Principal Component Analysis (PCA).

A note about time scales Since the fundamental dependent variable, tree ring growth, is measured on an annual time scale, any direct correlation to hydrologic variables is limited also to the one-year time scale. Obviously smaller time scales are used and measured to determine variables such as precipitation, groundwater level, temperature, and stream flow. In order to utilize the finer scale of measurements within the hydrologic data sets, the method of aggregating the smaller time scales into seasonal changes, trends or indices may be used. For instance, if ground water levels are measured quarterly of monthly, the creation of a ground water index that aggregates the values into mean groundwater level, maximum recession, or greatest change between wet period and dry period, effectively creates three subsets of groundwater levels that can describe the finer scale of variability observed within the yearly record without information loss to the dependent variable time scale.

Multiple Linear Regression

This type of statistical method combines all the independent variables (precipitation, stream flow, temperature etc.) into one linear polynomial that models the mean response of the dependent variable (in this case tree ring growth). A simplified mathematical representation using three independent variables x, x2, x3 to model the mean response m is as follows:

where b is a fitting parameter to each independent variable. For application to tree ring growth, the mean response of the tree population on a yearly time scale would be modeled by n independent variables such as the hydrologic variables described above. The regression model would utilize a least square fit to the data that minimizes the sum of the squares of the vertical deviations from each data point to the model line resulting in a residual sum of squared error. The basic premise of multiple linear regression is that the independent variables and the dependent variables have similar variance in the distribution of their values and are normally distributed (e.g. not a skewed distribution).

Principal Component Analysis for Hydrologic Variables

The useful qualities of this method of statistical analysis and application to the tree ring analysis is that it can compress many independent variables into a few principal components that capture the maximum variability of the data. As an example, precipitation, stream flow and groundwater may all be correlated to each other but the multiple linear regression of each with tree growth may not be immediately obvious or feasible because of different measured scales and lags in the time series. If however, one variable could be created from the three that captures the maximum variability of the majority of independent values then it could be correlated to the tree ring data directly. In practice, the principal component method creates several principal components of the independent variables (PC1, PC 2, PC3…) that account for total variability of the original data sets. These principal components are then correlated to the dependent variable to determine if any relationship exists. It is important to keep in mind that the existence of any relationship does not imply on its own a mechanism for the relationship between the dependent and independent variables.

About the author: Hydraulic and environmental Fluid Mechanics Engineer

Immortality : My ultimate aim

Author: Paras Chopra

Immortality has always lured me. Immortality is not just living indefinitely but is to keep struggling to be alive. It means, you cannot die of natural factors but you can however die of you following beings e.g. someone switching off your simulation on a chip without you capable of doing anything coz you have not updated yourselves with the times and the environment you are living in.

But it should be noted that there is no thing such as 100% immortality. No one including the environment is fully immortal because then it would violate the law of life/energy. We will die ultimately when all the free (usable) energy of universe is used up and there is nothing to work upon.

I'm interested in achieving immortality because I want to see all that humans are capable of achieving. It would be sad for me to die before the arrival of teleportation technology, or before I taking an intergalactic tour from earth-mars-andromeda, or before achieving true Artificial intelligence or before we make ourselves habitable to silicon environments, And for the other millions of technologies and theories which are currently in distant future. I want to see them all. I know we (currently known as humans) will achieve all these one day but I also know that I might die before then. It is like going for a treasure hunt and knowing the adventure would definitely end before the goal is achieved. It is like playing a game with ?game over' before ?game end'.

There are many pathways for immortality. We haven't even achieved 0.000001% of our total potential. There is long way to go and I want to see it all. Currently, there are so many methods which describe immortality and infinite more to arrive. Some of them are:

* Running yourself into a computer simulation

* A brain transplant into your clone

* Tearing off the telomere from cells to make them immortal

* Preserving dead bodies cryogenically for future technology to make them alive (sci-fi) stuff

* Etc

Before we delve into the theory, I would like to discuss the term environment. ?Environment' here is discussed in the most abstract sense. The term takes meaning in context to the meaning of the sentence where it is used. It can be anything where it fits best. And yes, it is subjective here. This is because subjectivity gives more options for evolution than objectivity. More subjects more exploration.

Environment here can be earth, mars, carbon, silicon, bits and bytes, differential equations, time, EM waves, etc.

The terms ?organism' and ?energy' is also used in an abstract sense. They can mean anything what we want it to be. It should be carefully observed that in this way the terms ?environment', ?organism' and ?energy' are mutually interchangeable. We can name any term anything as long as it makes sense. In this sense, an organism or the energy can be earth, mars, carbon, silicon, bits and bytes, differential equations, time, EM waves, etc. Therefore,

Environment = Organism = Energy

All these three exist for the benefit of each other or in other words, they depend on each other for its existence. They exist mutually.

Now we take a look at the organism. But please note that you can freely replace the term ?organism' with ?environment' or ?energy' in any of the text below or above. For example, if an organism lives or it has a life by exchanging energy with stale or nonliving organism, we can very well say that the environment lives but not the organism. Or that energy lives on organism via environment as a medium.

Why do we live? Why do we come into existence? Basically, it is the environment which drives the life. As with every system, the environment wants to decrease its free energy. That is why it gives birth to life (it is a part of evolution). When the life comes into being, then the search for ultimate energy harvester starts. This is called evolution. As the complexity in life emerges, the organisms become better energy harvesters. They take energy from the environment, use it thus converting the free energy into unusable energy which is what environment wants. Environment makes us die because it does not want to halt the process of evolution. Evolution is very much necessary for environment because it is the process by which new and better energy harvesters comes into being. If an organism lives forever he possibly will trap the resources for himself which might lead to better organisms or which other organisms can use better. Thus it halts one path for evolution to occur and environment certainly does not want it. To become immortal, an organism needs to do one of the following:

* Fool environment into thinking that it has evolved

* Constantly changing the environment (from carbon to silicon to bits n bytes): thus making itself new (to environment) and thus giving time to environment to analyze its feasibility.

* By constant hopping around new environments, each time it gets into a new environment it gets more time to live

* Actually evolve into the existing environment

* Create a new environment in which it is the ultimate organism. By ultimate organism, I mean an organism which is the best harvester of the its current environment.

About the author: Paras Chopra was born in Patiala, Punjab, India on 3rd June 1987. His interests lie in subjects ranging from Nanotechnology to Biotechnology to Artificial Intelligence. His goal in life is to achieve immortality.

Visit him at: www.paraschopra.com

Big Bang Booming - Back to the Future

Author: Michael Strauss

Theoretical cosmologists spend much of their time perfecting what is now known as the 'Big Bang' theory. This concept originates from ideas percolating in the minds of scientists, theologians and astronomers down through the ages. However, much of what they consider as proof for the 'Big Bang' is dependent upon uncontrolled experimentation that is molded to meet their expectations.

Then God said, ""Let there be light,"" and there was light. This ancient description of the creation of the universe found in the Book of Genesis may be accurate after all. The big bang theory describes the beginning of the universe as having been precipitated from an infinitesimally small point. In this small volume, all matter and energy was concentrated until its contents exploded in either a smooth expansion or an incredibly violent energetic explosion that formed the planets, stars and galaxies. Originally this theory had competition from what is called the 'steady state' theory whereby the universe is forever expanding and new matter and energy is created spontaneously within the space left by the receding galaxies. However, empirical observations have directed astronomers and scientists into the acceptance of the big bang model. But how did we get to this point in our understanding?

In the early part of the twentieth century the American astronomer Vesto Slipher and the German Carl Wirtz made some important astronomical discoveries. Using spectral analysis, Slipher deciphered the mixtures of gases contained in planetary atmospheres as well as nebulae. What distinguishes his findings is the discovery that most if not all galaxies outside of our own demonstrate what is called a 'Red Shift.' This shift is simply a change in the wavelength of the light emitted by those objects under investigation towards a longer wavelength. Wirtz similarly catalogued many red shifts of the nebulae which he chose to study. But it was still to early for them to realize the full potential meaning of their observations. That would wait until Einstein's General Relativity would be interpreted by other scientists through further mathematical analysis.

His contemporaries demonstrated to Einstein that his new Theory of General Relativity published in 1916 was not compatible with a 'static' universe of space time. The theory predicted an expanding or collapsing universe but not a fixed cosmos. Because he personally believed the universe to be an invariable space time continuum, Einstein engaged in a degree of scientific legerdemain. To correct what he perceived to be as 'flaws' in his theory he added the contrivance of a cosmological constant known as lambda to force the static universe into reality. Einstein's view of perfection in an unchanging space time continuum had led him down a blind alley as much as Aristotle's concept of perfection had brought that great philosopher into the error of believing in a static Earth at the center of the universe.

But even with the addition of the cosmological constant lambda, the universe was still found to be unstable and this whole affair would later be viewed by Einstein as his ""greatest blunder."" His cosmological acrobatics behind him, Einstein yielded the stage to others for a clearer understanding of his own theory. It fell to Alexander Alexandrovich Friedmann to consider the consequences of General Relativity without the constant lambda interfering with his study of these relationships. In doing so, the Russian mathematician and cosmologist derived the solution which predicts an ever expanding cosmological structure (1922), a prediction which was disagreeable with Einstein's concept of universal perfection. A couple of years later, Friedmann published his findings in ""About the Possibility of a World with Constant Negative Curvature of Space."" But the entire hypothetical construct still lacked a complete verbalization mathematically and theoretically.

Enter the Reverend Father Georges Lemaitre, a Catholic priest from Belgium. Rev. Fr. Lemaitre provided the equations necessary to formulate the basis of Big Bang theory in his work entitled ""Hypothesis of the Primeval Atom."" He postulated that the universe began as a primordial atom of infinitesimal volume and enormous mass energy as well as space and time and everything else comprising the future universe. At some point the universe began with the explosion of this super atom. Lemaitre published his theoretical ideas between the years 1927 and 1933 and speculated that the movement of the nebulae demonstrated the validity of the explosion of his cosmic super atom. Unfortunately, he also wrongly believed that cosmic rays might be an after effect of the super atom's big bang. These are now known to be generated not from a universal conflagration but from galactic sources unrelated to the big bang.

However, the new theory still lacked a major source of observational support. This would be provided by Edwin Hubble's observations of the redshift of galaxies. Taking up where Slipher and Wirtz left off, Hubble employed a novel technique to discern the properties of the galactic movements. By choosing to observe stars that are known as Cepheid Variables he could more accurately make measurements. Cepheids are a type of star that brighten and darken and lighten back up in regular periods of time that are well known. Cepheids that have identical cycle times of brightening darkening and brightening again also have identical or nearly identical luminosity. Thus, if one compares the length of the cycle to the amount of light apparent to the observer it is possible to accurately prepare an estimate of the distance to the cepheid.

In this manner, Hubble had found that the nebulae or galaxies exhibited a galactic red shift; in other words, that galaxies were receding away from ours at a speed which is correlated directly with the distance between our vantage point and the galaxy being studied. The further away the galaxies were the faster they appeared to be going in moving away from us. The results of these investigations is now known as Hubble's Law. Essentially, this law states that universe is in an ever expanding mode whereby the intergalactic distances continue to grow without bound into infinity. Hubble's Law depends upon the shifting of the wavelength of light and after having been delineated in 1929 has been subsequently proven over and over again. Further, Hubble's constant has been recalculated to a more 'perfect' value and retains a great probability of being 'recomputed' in the future based upon new observations.

Thus, it should be clear to the reader that our scientists have a fateful habit of introducing their preconceived notions of beauty into their models. From Aristotle's static Earth to Einstein's greatest blunder, the constant which forces a static universe, we proceed only from the wisdom of our weak minds. The more things change the more things stay the same. Man's hubris knows no limits in our attempts to understand things without the wisdom to comprehend its underlying meaning. Humble we are not. We are making the same mistakes we always have. Back to the future. To be continued...

About the author: Michael Strauss is an engineer and author of Requiem for Relativity the Collapse of Special Relativity, a serious critique on the fallacies of Special Relativity. To contact the author visit: www.relativitycollapse.n et or www.relativitycollapse.c om

Ball Bearings Are Flat - Another Myth Crushed

Author: David Leonhardt

Ball Bearings Are Flat – Another Myth Crushed Incredible but unrelated things I learned working on the Internet By David Leonhardt

What shape are ball bearings? They are shaped like a ball, as everyone knows, right?

The funny thing about what everyone knows is that everyone can be wrong. For instance, everybody thinks that the America's Cup is an ocean-sailing race, and yet the Swiss managed to win the Cup. For those readers who are geographically-challenged, Switzerland is a land-locked country comprised entirely of mountains.

What does this have to do with ball bearings. Very little, I suspect, but balls have very little to do with ball bearings, either. Ball bearings look more like hula hoops. But don't try using them for that – you will find them inconveniently heavy and painfully small.

You can view a picture of a ball bearing in the middle of this ball bearing supplier page .

So what are those stunted metal tube donuts called ball bearings for anyway? Are they used as a spare wheel? Do they hold in evil shop-floor spirits? No, they help things move more efficiently. In an early demonstration of bearing usage, three ladies pulled a locomotive (It was just a demonstration, not a career development).

Many bearings look very similar, whether they are ball bearings, roller bearings or other bearings. What?! Other bearings?

What is a ball bearing, anyway?

Ball bearings are formed with an outer ring, an inner ring, a cage or a retainer inside, and a rolling element inside, typically a ball (which is why they are called ball bearings). Roller bearings are formed using a roller instead of a ball, which is why they are called roller bearings (Yes, finally something that makes sense!). Other bearings look just like metal tubes, called plain bearings or bush bearings. They look like sawed off pipe or tube (something my metal pipe and tube bending client would be turning into architecturally glamorous structural supports).

The principle of bearings is the same principle behind the wheel: things move better by rolling than by sliding. They are called ""bearings"" because they bear the weight of the object, such as an inline skate or the head of dentist's drill, allowing the object to glide over them with incredible ease and speed. Unlike wheels, they don't turn on an axel; they turn on themselves.

You can see this in action with some great cut-away images of bearings .

The balls or rollers spin on themselves inside the bearing, reducing friction for the machine parts attached to them. It's much neater than using a bucket of oil, especially in dental equipment, and significantly more reliable than hamsters on a wheel.

Once upon a time, all bearings were metal – like a metal tube or pipe with metal balls stuck inside. These days, more and more are made of ceramic or even plastic (like everything else in this world!).

If you are still confused about why ball bearings are not shaped like balls, just remember that you drive on a parkway and park on a driveway. And you can even try sailing your sea-craft through the Swiss Alps. But don't try playing a game of one-on one basketbearing.

About the author: David Leonhardt is a Canadian writer & SEO consultant in Ottawa . He wrote this article for G&M Ball Bearings and Taper Roller Bearings . Check out their full product line of roller bearings & ball bearing products.

Friday, April 28, 2006

DNA Testing has Changed Everything

Author: Avi Lasarow

Since its discovery 20 years ago, the use of DNA for human identity and relationship testing has emerged as a powerful tool in both civil and criminal justice systems. DNA testing can reveal whether two or more individuals are related as well as determining the nature of their relationship. Today, it is possible to identify people by a single hair, as well as obtain information about their gender and ethnic background, and, within the next couple of years, identify their age.

Before the advent of DNA testing, human identity testing was largely carried out through blood typing. DNA analysis has now superseded blood testing and is the most accurate method currently available for human identification.

The possibility that DNA could be used for human identity and relationship testing had been discussed from the time DNA was first revealed as the molecule which makes people unique. Yet, it was not until the discovery of DNA fingerprinting by Prof. Alec Jeffreys (now Sir Alec) of Leicester University in 1984 when the first practical testing system became available. As with conventional fingerprinting, where various loops and whorls are compared between two fingerprints, DNA testing relies on comparing certain DNA features called DNA markers between two individuals. If DNA patterns between the samples are identical, then they are likely to come from the same person. If the profiles are not identical but big similarities are observed, then the samples most probably come from related individuals. The degree of the similarity between

DNA profiles is a representation of the degree of relatedness between people.

Currently, DNA testing is routinely used for both criminal and non-criminal applications. However there is a major difference between DNA testing for civil and for criminal cases. For civil cases, DNA testing is predominantly used to determine relationship between individuals while for criminal cases a crime scene stain has to be matched to the suspect.

In non-criminal legal practice, DNA testing is used primarily for immigration and child support cases. In 2004, more than 7,000 DNA tests were conducted for these purposes in the UK. Where no reliable documentary evidence is available, DNA testing can assist in determining varying degrees of relatedness between individuals concerned, as well as individual’s ethnic background.

The first time DNA testing was used for identity purposes was in the landmark immigration case Sarbah vs. Home Office (1985). In this case, DNA testing was used to prove the mother-son relationship between Christiana Sarbah and her son Andrew. Now, the Home Office accepts DNA testing as a virtually unquestionable proof of relatedness. The results will normally (although not invariably) provide conclusive evidence as to whether individuals in question are related as alleged.

UK Child Support Agency extensively uses DNA testing for establishing who the biological parent of the child is for purposes of providing child maintenance and support. Child support is one the main areas of non-criminal DNA testing.

Child adoption is another area where DNA testing is widely applied. Currently, UK adoption agencies adopt children into families which match their ethnic background. Sometimes, it is difficult to determine the ethical background of the child and here DNA testing can help. People of different races and ethnic groups have common facial and other features which are typical for this particular race or group. The same is also true for their genetic characteristics. Various racial and ethnic groups have genetic markers specific to these groups. When analysing these markers, it is possible to tell the proportion of individual’s ancestors who came from specific ethnic groups. It is, however, impossible to pinpoint at what stage the particular ancestors contributed their DNA and also their number. For example, the results of ethnicity DNA testing can show that an individual has 20% of markers specific to northern Europe, 50% to the Middle East, 10% to the Mediterranean and 20% to sub-Saharan Africa. Using this information the family with the closest ethnicity to the child can be chosen.

About the author: Avi was awarded the prestigious Shell Live Wire Entrepreneur of the Year award in 2004. Avi strives to increase public awareness as to the benefits of DNA testing and the continuing impact that technological advances will have on all our lives.

World Information System

Author: Or Aroonrat

I think somebody should save entire knowledge of this world to the space out side our world, or some place that safe.

If something happen to our world that might be flood from the ocean or something we don’t know, so survival still have knowledge to make electricity, to make electronic shift, to make light bulb, and everything on earth that we have nowadays.

All Rights Reserved. ID:000035 Author: plaior1@hotmail.com / plaior9@yahoo.com/ www.top10googlerank.com

About the author: www.top10googlerank.com

The Big Bang Theory - Evidence Start of Cosmos and Human Evolution

Author: Vijay Kumar

The Big Bang Theory - Evidence Start of Cosmos and Human Evolution

What is The Big Bang Theory! What do we mean when we talk of The Big Bang Theory? In Concept The Big Bang Theory would mean something related to the start of the Cosmos... the beginning of the Evolution itself.

The Big Bang Theory came to be accepted by scientists only about three decades ago as an irrefutable fact of Creationism. Does it mean that it is only The Big Bang Theory which gave birth to the existing Cosmos? Yes! The Concept ""The Big Bang Theory"" explains to us how the Cosmos was created in the first stage.

The concept... The Big Bang Theory can be best understood by the spiritualists of the highest order. It is not merely a Concept or a Theory (The Big Bang Theory) which can be easily understood by the use of the senses alone (as the senses have their own limitations in the physical manifested world).

The Big Bang Theory has its origination in a domain which is much beyond the comprehension of the senses and the mind. It is for the Enlightened beings to be able to understand in absolute order the concept of The Big Bang Theory.

Before we elaborate further... we need to dive deep into the realms of Spirituality. Starting from the basics we need to understand that The Big Bang Theory is deeply related to God the Almighty. For the atheist it may be almost impossible to correctly interpret and understand The Concept of The Big Bang Theory. Why?

Why does The Big Bang occur at all... in the realms of Spirituality the only existence which has any base in the whole of Cosmos is God the Almighty, the Creator himself. Nothing beyond the existence of God the Almighty exists. Whatever exists from the point of view of the senses is ephemeral in nature. Nothing has any permanent significance in the realms of Spirituality. Truthfully speaking it is God and only God which exists and manifests in the whole of Cosmos.

Why so? Understanding the Concept of the basic building block of the whole Cosmos... the Concept and Theory of atoms and molecules... we shall realize that the whole Cosmos is only built up of clusters of atoms and molecules. The total structure of the Cosmos is just a gaseous formation... in which only clusters of atoms and molecules exist. There is nothing solid in the whole of Cosmos.

It is only when perceived from the point of view of the senses and the mind that the solidification of the gaseous formation seems to exist. And beyond the realms of the senses and the mind exists... the World of God, the Almighty! Does it mean that God the Almighty is a cluster of atoms and molecules? In a way yes! Let me explain further...

Assuming that only God the Almighty exists in the whole of Cosmos... then as explained in the Bhagavad Gita... the most sacred document existing on Mother Earth... the size of God in its primordial state before The Big Bang occurs in Theory is of the size of half a thumb. And what is this half the size of a thumb we call as God the Almighty?

The definition of God the Almighty as given in the Bhagavad Gita is the sum total of all purified Souls (Atmans) existing in the whole of Cosmos at a given point of time and these purified Souls combine together to form the size of half a thumb. Imagine the vast cluster of energy this small size of God the Almighty may withhold! And unable to sustain this massive energy for long... this half the size of a thumb what we call as God the Almighty explodes. And it explodes with a Big Bang giving birth to The Big Bang Theory!

This Big Bang... the explosion which is defined by scientists as The Big Bang Theory results in the creation of the Cosmos... a Cosmos consisting of many universes and each universe consisting of many galaxies and Milky Ways... and one galaxy consisting of billions of stars and solar systems... and one star like the sun having a few planets revolving around it. And out of the many planets... Our planet Mother Earth... the moment it has conducive environment worthy of living... the Souls manifest one after another and starts the journey of life on Mother Earth!

The Big Bang Theory... the Concept in itself is irrefutable and undeniable for the basic reason that no other Theory or Concept holds good. The Enlightened masters like Mahavira, Gautama Buddha, Jesus Christ and Prophet Mohammed knew of this irrefutable Concept and Theory (The Big Bang Theory) the moment they became enlightened. For an Enlightened Soul to be able to understand the Concept of Spirituality from the beginning to the end of Cosmos becomes a reality.

The Big Bang Theory has its roots in the Concept that the entire purified Souls combine together to form something we know as God the Almighty. And this God the Almighty unable to contain itself for long because of the inherent massive energy within explodes with a Big Bang and this results in the start of a new Cosmos... a new journey!

Proceeding further we need to understand that these purified Souls (Atmans) which have now scattered all over the Cosmos start gaining impurities on their cosmic journey. And it is only after the dross within is removed from the Souls that they shall become free forever from manifesting further bodies.

As the whole Cosmos cools down gradually... the system gives birth to many planets and out of these planets some of them become conducive for beginning of life with passage of time. And what is this life we are talking of? Are we talking of the insect life, the plant life, the animal life or the world of human beings themselves?

Every Soul (Atman) like the metal embedded in any metal ore cannot separate itself from the impurities contained therein. And to cleanse itself of the impurities... every Soul (Atman) requires a body. And thus starts the cosmic journey of a Soul (an Atman)!

The journey of this Soul (Atman) starts as an amoeba (single cell formation)... The first manifestation in the cosmic journey of 8.4 million manifestations... ending with the form of a human being (the last stage in the series of various manifestations) finally to gain Salvation and come back to its original pristine form. The moment cosmic journey of all Jiva (life forms) end with the Dissolution of the Cosmos... starts a new Cosmos confirming The Big Bang Theory.

The journey from first manifestation to the 8.4 millionth manifestation explains the Concept of Evolution as detailed by Charles Darwin. A long cosmic journey of 8.4 million manifestations and a total period of 96.4 million earthly years is necessitated before the Soul can come back to its original pristine form and it is in the last stages as a human being that the Soul shall gain Salvation... liberation from the cycle of various manifestations for ever and finally become free until the start of a new Cosmos with a new Big Bang (The Big Bang Theory).

We need to understand here that once having come back to its original pristine pure form... this purified Soul remains in its purified state until the collapse of the Cosmos occurs. It is at the time of the collapse (Dissolution) of the Cosmos (Pralaya as we call it in Hinduism) that all purified Souls combine together again resulting in The Big Bang (confirming again the existence of The Big Bang Theory).

About the author: Vijay Kumar... The Man who Realized God in 1993 explains The Big Bang Theory - Evidence Start of Cosmos and Human Evolution. For more details on Evolution Spirituality and Creation visit - http://www.vijaykumar.com

Lasers - The New Mythical Gift Of Fire

Author: Doug Smith

Copyright 2005-2006 by Doug Smith

In Greek mythology, the Titan Prometheus gave the gift of fire to Humanity. It provided warmth, light, and energy. Whether or not you believe that myth, humanity has learned to concentrate that light into beams of unimaginable power:

Lasers.

What does that word make you think of first? Science fiction ray guns? A secret agent strapped to a table while a metal- melting beam of light inches toward him? Or maybe the master thief throwing dust in the air to reveal a deadly maze of red laser beams guarding the treasure?

Those are all popular but outdated images of the laser. Today, lasers vanquish different foes such as unwanted hair, vision correction, and even tumors.

How is a beam of light able to delicately reshape the surface of the eye, yet still be able to cut steel?

LASER is an acronym for ""Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation."" In this definition radiation doesn't refer to nuclear radiation, but to electromagnetic radiation. The electromagnetic spectrum includes radio waves, microwaves, infrared light, visible light, ultraviolet radiation, and X-rays. Some light wavelengths are visible, and other are not unless special equipment is used (e.g., infrared cameras, night-vision goggles).

Lasers operate by concentrating the strength of various forms of light. The strengthened beam is an almost perfectly straight beam, called a coherent beam. ""Coherent"" means that almost all of the light energy (photons) are traveling in the same direction. The laser light energy stays focused on a smaller area with greater power.

Compare this to an incoherent light source such as a light bulb, which emits photons in many directions and at many wavelengths. This is the job of a bulb, because we want visible energy spread out as much as possible.

A flashlight also uses a light bulb, but also contains a curved mirror to approximate a more coherent beam. The light from the strongest commercial spotlight (essentially a giant flashlight) will disperse in the atmosphere after a relatively short distance. A laser beam can be bounced off the moon!

A closer analogy to a laser is a magnifying glass. Remember as a child how you got the sun's rays to focus on a tiny spot that got hot enough to burn? That's similar to what a laser does, unless you moved the magnifying glass. Then the focus was lost and the sunlight was no longer concentrated. Because the laser employs a coherent beam, that essentially means it stays focused no matter the distance! Think of it link an infinite magnifying glass.

Lasers can perform a multitude of different tasks at different power levels. Specific light wavelengths and beam strengths can be achieved by altering the light source, power source, and even the color of the light. This extreme versatility allows both the shaping of a delicate cornea and the cutting of industrial steel.

The laser in your CD player won't cut steel, but neither can the industrial laser reshape your eye without destroying it. Matching the right laser power to the right job enables us to safely harness this useful new fire.

This article may be freely copied and published as long as no content is changed except line length to fit your publication. The author's hyperlinks must remain active and clickable, or be made active.

About the author: Visit Hair Removal Answers at http://www.HairRemovalAnswers.com and Laser Hair Removal at http://Laser.HairRemovalAnswers.com for Free Laser Hair Removal Facts, Answers, and Articles for Both Men and Women. Learn How To Tell If You're A Candidate For Laser Hair Removal, How It Works, The Side Effects, And More.

Is yawning contagious?

Author: Khalil A. Cassimally

It is a fact to any observer that yawning flies like a butterfly and stings like a bee. Scientists and others studying yawning, seem to have reached that same conclusion. Yawning is indeed contagious. But why?

Yawning is thought to be a reflex act of opening one’s mouth wide and inhaling due to an increase of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream. By inhaling deeply – during yawning that is – a large amount of oxygen is breathed in and the accumulated carbon dioxide is expelled. Yawning usually occurs when one is bored or tired. During these periods of time, one’s breathing rate slows and this has as consequence to increase the carbon dioxide concentration in the bloodstream. An average yawn has duration of 6 seconds and this does have a significant effect to the heart rate, and thus the distribution and expelling of oxygen and carbon dioxide respectively. The heart rate in fact increases on average by 30% during yawning.

However to answer the question of “why yawning is contagious,” three leading theories have been put forward namely the physiology theory, the boredom theory and the evolutionary theory.

The physiology theory proposes that the infectious nature of yawning occurs as a result of an involuntary realisation that a deep intake and belching of oxygen and carbon dioxide respectively are needed. When Guy A sees Guy B yawn, it is a reminder to Guy A that he too may be feeling the lack of oxygen and this consequently makes Guy A to yawn as well.

The second theory – and possibly the most entertaining one – states that yawning is simply a way of showing others or ourselves that something is mundane or boring. But in this theory, yawning is not really contagious. Instead other people yawn because they too find that same thing mundane or boring rather than depending on one person to spread the yawns. However if the interviewed people found something dull, chances are that the others found it equally tedious. Therefore everybody opens his mouth wide and inhales some oxygen.

The third theory – which is the most appealing to me personally – is the evolutionary theory. According to this theory, yawning is a behaviour started by our ancestors, the cavemen. This theory puts forward that yawning was a sort of social signal to others. Therefore when one yawns, the others yawn back to return the call. This behaviour thus persists even today, according to the evolutionary theory, but it has faded away much. This explains why about 55% of people who see somebody else yawn will do too so as well within the following 5min.

In humans, the earliest yawns occur before a baby is born, in the mother’s womb, only 11 weeks after conception. This clearly seems to show that yawning is a reflex action above all. Those 3 other theories are pure suppositions up till now and have not been proven by any scientific study even empirically.

Also all 3 theories have major pitfalls. The most eye-catching one applies to the first theory, the physiology theory, which proposes that yawning occurs due to accumulation of carbon dioxide in the body and lack of oxygen. Studies have shown that receiving additional oxygen didn’t decrease yawning and people exposed to a lower amount of carbon dioxide didn’t stop yawning.

For the boredom theory, well, I am pretty sure that out of those people who do not regularly visit art galleries, only a fraction will yawn and yawn on their first visit to expositions even if they find the stuff boring.

The third theory seems to walk its way to the why of yawning, on playing cards. The evolutionary theory can easily crumble because we do not know whether cavemen were yawning first and foremost. As the theory builds itself on a very debatable fact, it may easily collapse.

For now though, I’ll keep my mouth wide shut. But by the way, how many times did you yawn while reading this column?

About the author: Khalil A. Cassimally is currently Senior Columnist at BackWash.com and Columnist for bbc.co.uk h2g2 The Post where he writes 'Not Scientific Science' column.

Thursday, April 27, 2006

A cluster of atoms

Author: Khalil A. Cassimally

Imagine a new variety of compounds; compounds that have properties never seen before or simply compounds that have properties more pronounced than those which we already know of at present. It would be really cool. No, in fact it is really cool! Indeed, an entirely new class of compound is on the verge of getting everybody’s attention.

Only some times back, it has been shown that a new division of compounds could exist. A new study now confirms the idea that a cluster of atom of an element, behaves differently from a single atom of the element. It is as if, a new element is being created.

For example, a cluster of 13 aluminium atoms behaves like a halogen (chlorine, bromine, iodine, etc). In addition, the aluminium cluster can react with halogens to form halogen compounds with novel properties!

However a cluster of one more aluminium atom, that is to say, 14 aluminium atoms, will act not like a halogen but rather like an alkaline earth (calcium, barium, etc) atom. And the ions that are hence formed are in fact totally new types of salts! For instance, when the 14 aluminium atom cluster reacts with 3 iodine atoms, an ion with an absolute charge of –3 is formed. Surprisingly this resulting ion is very stable.

The atom cluster thing has also been a source of debate in the scientific community. According to Shiv Khanna, co-leader of the study, the periodic table must be altered to accommodate the clusters or ‘superatoms,’ as he calls them.

How? Simple. Just add a 3rd dimension to the periodic table. The 13 aluminium atom cluster will then be in the same row and column as iodine since it acts more or less like the latter. Only difference is that it will be in a new plane. Same thing for the 14 aluminium atom cluster in the alkaline earth group and for the other ‘superatoms.’

As if the periodic table wasn’t complicated enough! But I guess that it will be even more so if the additions are made. So don’t you dare think that your generation’s college chemistry was hard!

About the author: Khalil A. Cassimally is currently Senior Columnist at BackWash.com and Columnist for bbc.co.uk h2g2 The Post where he writes 'Not Scientific Science' column.

The History of the Microscope

Author: Peter Emerson

The first microscope was created hundreds of years ago. In the passing centuries, microscopes evolved into powerful, precise tools that allow scientists to view tiny objects at a level of detail that seems unreal. There are a wide array of available microscopes, from the compound microscopes commonly found in high school science classrooms to powerful scanning tunneling and electron microscopes used by Nobel Prize winners.

Most historians agree that two Dutchman made the first microscope in 1590. Zaccharias Janssen and his son Hans were two eyeglass makers who experimented with putting multiple lenses together in a tube. They found that objects under the tube were greatly enlarged. Over the next hundred years, scientists Robert Hooke, Anton van Leeuwenhoek, and others further refined the work of the Janssens and used microscopes to examine insects, blood, and other items. Scientists have continued microscopes into the present day. Now, microscopes can show tiny particles that are unseen by the naked eye in extremely exact detail.

Microscopes operate on several principles. Most common microscopes have two different lenses. Viewers look through the ocular lens, also known as the eyepiece. There is another lens, called the objective lens at the end of the ocular lens. The objective lens is a sphere shaped lens located above the stage of the microscope. People place the object they want to examine on the stage and can adjust the lenses to bring the object into focus. Most microscopes have an adjustment knob for coarse focus and one for fine focus. Many microscopes have several objective lenses with different strengths for users to choose from. The lenses are arranged on a circular platform that can be rotated to have the different lenses put into place under the ocular lens. Microscopes also need a light source of some kind underneath the stage. Most commercial microscopes have a light bulb, but many high-end microscopes use lasers or electrons for illumination.

Microscopes have been used to make countless vital scientific discoveries. They are invaluable tools used in a variety of scientific fields that enable researchers to make discoveries that would be impossible with the naked eye.

About the author: Microscopes Info provides detailed information about electron, compound, stereo, digital, video, and scanning tunneling microscopes, as well as an explanation of the different parts of a microscope, and more. Microscopes Info is affiliated with Business Plans by Growthink .

How Did DNA Testing Children Begin?

Author: Avi Lasarow

The story behind the first maternity and

paternity tests used for legal purposes.

This year marks the 20th anniversary of a remarkable discovery which forever changed the legal profession. In 1985, Alec Jeffreys (now Sir Alec), a young genetics professor at Leicester University, discovered DNA fingerprinting—the technique which allows for unambiguous human identification as well as relationship identification between different people. Since then, DNA testing has emerged as a powerful tool in both civil and criminal justice systems. DNA testing can not only reveal whether two or more individuals are related but can also determine the nature of this relationship. Today, it is possible to identify people by a single hair, as well as obtain information about their gender, ethnic background, and nearly their exact age.

In non-criminal legal practice, DNA testing is used primarily for immigration and child support cases. In 2004, more than 7,000 DNA tests were conducted in the UK for these purposes. When no reliable documentary evidence is available, DNA testing can assist in determining varying degrees of relatedness between individuals, as well as their ethnic background.

The landmark immigration case Sarbah vs. Home Office (1985) was the first to use DNA testing to prove a mother-son relationship between Christiana Sarbah and her son Andrew.

The case started in 1983 when Andrew, then 13, arrived in England after a long stay in Ghana with Christiana's estranged husband. Immigration officials held him at Heathrow Airport, claiming his passport was forged, or that a substitution had been made. Only after intervention by a local MP was Andrew allowed to stay at his family's home in London.

Various genetic-determining tests showed that Christiana and Andrew were almost certainly related; however, it was impossible to determine whether Christiana was his mother or merely an aunt (Christiana has several sisters in Ghana). The photographic evidence and depositions were rejected at an immigration hearing, but deportation was delayed pending an appeal.

Around the same time, an article in The Guardian reported the discovery of DNA fingerprinting by Prof. Alec Jeffreys and his team at the University of Leicester. After reading about their work, the legal team dealing with the case approached Prof. Jeffreys, and he agreed to take on the case. In order to prove that Christiana was Andrew’s mother, a DNA test was performed on blood samples from Christiana, Andrew, an unrelated individual, and Christiana's three undisputed children: David, Joyce, and Diana.

Using a recently discovered DNA probe, a DNA fingerprint was produced which confirmed that Christiana was indeed Andrew’s biological mother, and that David, Joyce and Diana were his siblings. Based on this evidence, the case was dropped by the Home Office and massive press coverage ensued. The discovery of DNA fingerprinting had huge implication for the non-criminal legal system and led to an overhaul of the UK’s Immigration legislation. Current UK immigration legislation accepts results of DNA testing as the ultimate proof or relationship between a child and his or her relatives. Accordingly, DNA test results will normally (although not invariably) provide conclusive evidence as to whether a child is related, as claimed, to one or both of his alleged parents.

Before January 1991, it was up to the applicant to decide whether or not to obtain DNA evidence in support of his or her application or appeal. In January 1991, a government scheme was introduced, which enables entry clearance officers (ECO) to offer to arrange DNA tests in cases where they are not satisfied that persons seeking admission as children are related to their UK sponsor.

For more information, please visit DNA Bioscience, at www.dna-bioscience.co.uk

About the author: Avi was awarded the prestigious Shell Live Wire Entrepreneur of the Year award for his business. Working closely with the charities and various media outlets Avi strives to increase public awareness as to the benefits of DNA and the continuing impact that technological advances will have on all our lives.